東日本大震災時の航空機活動と空港運用の実態分析―いわて花巻・山形・福島空港を対象として―  [in Japanese] AIRCRAFT ACTIVITIES AND AIRPORT OPERATIONS IN THE AFTERMATH OF THE GREAT EAST JAPAN EARTHQUAKE—CASE OF IWATE HANAMAKI, YAMAGATA AND FUKUSHIMA AIRPORT—  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本研究では,東日本大震災直後よりあらゆる主体の航空機が飛来した花巻・山形・福島空港を対象に,救助活動などの重要な拠点となった空港がどう使われたのかを明らかにした.震災直後の空港運用上課題となった航空機の飛来数および駐機スペース不足に焦点をあて,主体別目的別の離着陸状況,駐機状況の変化について分析を行った.さらにそれを補うため各空港の管理者や運航主体へのインタビュー調査を実施し,各空港が如何にして多数の航空機を処理し,災害対応活動を支援したかを明らかにした.その結果,震災直後の空港には通常時の6倍~10倍の航空機が飛来したこと,発災後72時間以内の救助活動,救急搬送が多くなることがわかった.さらにインタビュー調査より,駐機スペースに工夫を凝らしていたことや燃料補給体制の課題などが明らかとなった.

This study focuses on the actual situation of the aircraft operations in the aftermath of the Great East Japan Earthquake. By using the data including each aircraft's departure and arrival time to/from the target airports, the time series behaviors of the purpose of the aircraft activities and the number of parking at the airport aprons are analyzed. In addition, how each airport deal with the large number of aircraft operations in the aftermath of the earthquake are clarified through the interview survey. The result shows that the six to ten times of the aircraft in comparison with ordinary days were operated, and the rescue works and emergency medical transport were especially increased within 72 hours, in the aftermath of the earthquake. The results of the interview survey indicated that each airport had difficulty in keeping the apron for aircraft parking space including large number of helicopters and in fueling, but some of the lessons from the past disasters helped smoother operation of the airport.

Journal

  • Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Ser. D3 (Infrastructure Planning and Management)

    Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Ser. D3 (Infrastructure Planning and Management) 69(5), I_229-I_246, 2013

    Japan Society of Civil Engineers

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130004707522
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • NDL Article ID
    026039456
  • NDL Call No.
    YH247-1182
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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