水環境への適応とその持続的活用形態からみた山村集落の文化的景観評価:岐阜県大野郡白川村荻町合掌造り集落の例 EVALUATION OF CULTURAL LANDSCAPES FROM THE WATER ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS:Case study in Ogimachi, Shirakawa-mura, a world heritage site
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Case study was carried out in a water limited village to evaluate its traditional village cultural landscape from a water environmental point of view. Study result indicated that;<br> 1) Traditional water management structures were carefully developed to make the best use of its given geographical/hydrological feature.<br> 2) These facilities were considered as common assets, thus usage/maintenance rules were strictly followed by the village people.<br> 3) Location of buildings and rice fields in Meiji period had strong relationship with the location of water management structures.<br>As a conclusion, water management structures which utilized its given natural environment have created sustainable water management system together with its usage rules shared among the village people. This traditional water management system regulated land use such as location of buildings and rice fields which are major elements of a village landscape, thus can be concluded as an important factor to create its unique village cultural landscape.
- Journal of Architecture and Planning (Transactions of AIJ)
Journal of Architecture and Planning (Transactions of AIJ) 74(642), 1905-1910, 2009
Architectural Institute of Japan