Chagas Disease:Clear and Present Danger

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Abstract

Chagas disease is a zoonotic disease caused by the parasitic protist <i>Trypanosoma cruzi. T. cruzi</i> is transmitted by blood-sucking triatomine insects. Other routes of infection include transfusion, vertical transmission, and contaminated food or drink, such as fresh fruit juice. Chagas disease is only endemic in the Americas, due exclusively to the limited distribution of the insect vectors, whereas a number of patients have been found outside the Americas, particularly among Latin American immigrants. In August 14, 2013, the Japanese Red Cross Society and the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan announced that one blood donor from Latin America had been found to be seropositive for T. cruzi and that blood products prepared from the donated blood had already been delivered to medical institutions. Although later reports denied the occurrence of secondary infection through those blood products, Chagas disease has now become a reality in Japan. Thus, further monitoring and preparedness for Chagas disease are necessary.

Journal

  • Juntendo Medical Journal

    Juntendo Medical Journal 60(4), 362-365, 2014

    The Juntendo Medical Society

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130004728660
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    2187-9737
  • NDL Article ID
    026099938
  • NDL Call No.
    Z19-432
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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