震災問題対処のために必要な政策議題設定と日本社会における制御能力の欠陥  [in Japanese] Necessary Agenda Setting for Dealing with the Earthquake Disaster and Defects in Control Capabilities in Japanese Society  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本稿は, 震災後の社会変革と地域再生のためにどういう政策議題設定が必要なのかをエネルギー政策の転換と避難自治体の直面する困難の打開という問題領域に即して検討し, また日本社会の「制御能力の不足」を「取り組み態勢の欠陥」という視点から考察する. まず, 震災後の日本社会において, どのような社会変革の課題が問われているのかを検討する. そして, 「取り組み態勢」に注目して, 社会制御能力の欠陥とその改善を検討するために必要な理論的視点を提出する (第1節). つぎに, 震災後に焦点となった脱原発政策をめぐって, 政府レベルでの制御中枢圏でどのような取り組みと政策選択がなされてきたのか, あるいはなされてこなかったのかを検討する (第2節). さらに, 福島の震災被災地に即して, 長期避難者と長期避難自治体がどのような困難な状況に陥っているのか, 生活と地域社会の再建のためにどのような政策議題設定が必要なのか, とくに, 「移住」と「早期帰還」という二者択一を超えて「長期待避・将来帰還」という第3の道のためにはどういう政策パッケージが必要なのかを考える (第3節). 以上をふまえて, エネルギー政策と地域再生について的確な政策が打ち出せないのは, 取り組み態勢のどのような特質に規定されているのかを, 制度・政策の形成の局面と運用の局面に即して検討する. また質的変革の停滞を規範的原則の共有の欠如という視点から考察する (第4節).

This paper aims to clarify what agenda settings are necessary for reforming Japanese society and reconstruction of local communities destroyed by the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster, focusing on the necessary changes in energy policy and measures for overcoming difficult situations for the areas that suffered from the disaster. The disaster raised various issues, the resolutions for which are necessary not only for the economic recovery of the affected areas but also for the political and social reform of Japanese society. In order to analyze defects of the decision making process before and after the disaster, a theoretical framework that distinguishes four types of arenas appears to be useful. They are the "arena of public discourse," "arena of scientific discourse," "arena of making policy plans" and "arena of political decision making". Using this framework, we highlight defects in the preparation for dealing with important issues raised by the disaster.<br>Regarding the nuclear energy policy, the majority of Japanese public started to demand the government to work toward a nuclear free society. However, the ruling Liberal Democratic Party has promoted the revival of nuclear power after its election victory in December 2012, neglecting democratic discussion with the public.<br>Regarding the areas affected by the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, many residents have been obliged to evacuate from their home towns. The former residents of certain towns such as Namie, Ohkuma, Tomioka, Futaba and Iitate have little chance for a quick return in the near future. The residents have a difficult choice between leaving and returning to their home towns. It is therefore necessary to make a policy that establishes a "third way", namely, "a return in the future after a long absence." However, an agenda setting regarding this point has not been established by the national government or by Fukushima prefectural office.<br>Studying the lack of establishing agendas regarding the shift in energy policy as well as the "third way" for aras affected by the disaster, we analyze the inadequate relations between four types of arenas and why Japanese society lacks sufficient self-control abilities.

Journal

  • Japanese Sociological Review

    Japanese Sociological Review 64(3), 342-365, 2013

    The Japan Sociological Society

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130004830137
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00109823
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    0021-5414
  • NDL Article ID
    025243498
  • NDL Call No.
    Z6-265
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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