Fasting Serum Apolipoprotein B-48 Can be a Marker of Postprandial Hyperlipidemia
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Aim: Postprandial hyperlipidemia (PH) is thought to be caused by the impaired postprandial metabolism of triglycerides (TG)-rich lipoproteins in both endogenous and exogenous pathways; however, there is no consensus. It is difficult to estimate the presence of PH without performing a time-consuming oral fat loading (OFL) test, so postprandial lipoprotein metabolism was analyzed by measuring the postprandial levels of apolipoprotein (apo) B-48 and apo B-100, and the correlation between postprandial TG increase and fasting apoB-48 levels was assessed to establish a good marker of PH without performing an OFL test.<BR>Methods: Ten male normolipidemic subjects were loaded with a high-fat (HF, 1045 kcal) or standard (ST, 566 kcal) meal, and the lipids, apolipoproteins and lipoprotein profiles were analyzed after each meal.<BR>Results: TG, apo B-48, remnant-like particles (RLP)-cholesterol and RLP-TG levels were increased and their levels were significantly higher after intake of the HF meal than the ST meal; however, there was no postprandial increase in apo B-100 and LDL-C levels. Postprandial increases in TG levels of CM, VLDL, LDL and HDL were significantly higher after intake of the HF meal than the ST meal. Fasting apo B-48 levels were strongly correlated with the incremental area under the curve of TG after intake of the HF meal, but not the ST meal.<BR>Conclusion: Postprandial TG increase was mainly due to increased CM and CM-R, but not VLDL. Measurement of fasting serum apo B-48 may be a simple and useful method for assessment of the existence of PH.
- Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis 18(12), 1062-1070, 2011
Japan Atherosclerosis Society