A 45,X/46,XY DSD (Disorder of Sexual Development) case with an extremely uneven distribution of 46,XY cells between lymphocytes and gonads
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In 45,X/46,XY DSDs, the proportion of the two cell lineages is uneven in different organs and tissues, and 45,X and 46,XY cells can be found throughout the body. The gonadal development of 45,X/46,XY patients depends on the population of 46,XY cells in the gonads and the clinical features are variable. We had a 45,X/46,XY DSD patient whose 46,XY population in peripheral blood was extremely low, less than 0.2%, and was not detected by FISH analysis. However, the patient showed bilateral testicular development and more than 50% of the cells in the gonads had the 46,XY karyotype. This case suggests that a drastically imbalanced distribution could occur in 45,X/46,XY DSD cases.
- Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology
Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology 24(1), 11-14, 2015
The Japanese Society for Pediatric Endocrinology