喫煙者におけるリスク認知構造の性差の特徴:―Web調査による探索的因子分析―  [in Japanese] Exploratory factor analysis of sex differences in relation to the structure of risk perception among Japanese smokers: a web-based survey  [in Japanese]

Access this Article

Search this Article

Author(s)

    • 石橋 千佳 ISHIBASHI Chika
    • 順天堂大学医学部付属順天堂医院 麻酔科学ペインクリニック講座 Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Juntendo University School of Medicine
    • 丸井 英二 MARUI Eiji
    • 順天堂大学医学部公衆衛生学教室 Department of Public Health, Juntendo University School of Medicine
    • 稲田 英一 INADA Eiichi
    • 順天堂大学医学部付属順天堂医院 麻酔科学ペインクリニック講座 Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Juntendo University School of Medicine

Abstract

目的:特に性差に焦点をあてて喫煙者のリスク認知構造の特徴を明らかにすること.<br>方法:Web調査により20~50歳代で各世代均等に無作為に2,000人の回収を依頼し,横断研究を実施した.調査期間は2009年3月の5日間である.質問内容は年齢,性別,喫煙の有無,リスク14項目について被害の重大性(11件法),リスク10項目についての本人の主観的な生起確率(4件法)である.リスク14項目について因子分析し,因子得点を算出しMann-Whiteny検定を行った.<br>結果:回答者は1,308人(喫煙者334人,非喫煙者974人)であった.喫煙者についてリスク14項目を因子分析した結果,2つの因子が抽出された.第1因子として因子負荷量の高い項目は順に,SARS,BSE,鳥インフルエンザ,HIV/AIDS,結核,肝炎,放射能であった.第2因子は,電磁波,大気中の発がん性物質,遺伝子組換え食品,食品添加物,魚介類に含まれる水銀,受動喫煙,残留農薬であった.男女の喫煙者で因子得点の平均値を分析した結果,第2因子に有意差がみられた.また喫煙者を男女別に因子分析したところ,男性喫煙者は3つの因子,女性喫煙者は2つの因子が抽出された.<br>結論:喫煙者において,男女間でリスク認知に差異が認められ,かつリスク認知構造が異なっていた.

Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between sex and the structure of risk perception among Japanese smokers.<br>Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a web-based survey was randomly conducted on 2,000 adults (age range, 20-50 years) for 5 days in March 2009. The survey was composed of 5 primary questions; age, sex, smoker or non-smoker, 14 items related to risk perception for seriousness and 10 items related to risk perception for possibility. Based on methods used in previous studies, factor analysis was conducted on the 14 risk-related items and factor analysis of the item scores were compared between sexes using the Mann-Whitney test.<br>Results: There were a total of 1,308 respondents (334 smokers, 974 non-smokers). Factor analysis was conducted for smokers, and the 14 risk-related items on the questionnaire were divided as follows: the first set of factors (SARS, BSE, bird flu, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, hepatitis and exposure to radiation) and the second set of factors (electromagnetic waves, carcinogens in the atmosphere, genetically modified organisms, food additives, mercury in fish, second-hand smoke and residual pesticide). Factor analysis of the item scores in the second group was higher among women than among men. Factor analysis was also conducted separately for smokers of each sex, with items being divided into three sets for men and two sets for women.<br>Conclusion: In regards to smokers, the structure of risk perception differed between the sexes and the risk perception was higher among female smokers than among their male counterparts.

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Health Education and Promotion

    Japanese Journal of Health Education and Promotion 21(4), 283-293, 2013

    JAPANESE SOCIETY OF HEALTH EDUCATION AND PROMOTION

Codes

Page Top