Artificial rainfall technique based on the aircraft seeding of liquid carbon dioxide near Miyake and Mikura Islands, Tokyo, Japan
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This experiment of artificial rainfall was carried out by an aircraft seeding operation of liquid carbon dioxide on Feb. 26-27, 2012, near Miyake Island of the Izu Islands in Tokyo, Japan. The development of convective clouds was significant after 0.5 to 1 h of the seeding near Miyake Island and reached to the heights of 3000 m and 4000 m on Feb. 26 and 27, respectively. Artificial clouds appeared and rain was recognized by eye around Mikura Island on Feb. 27 as a direct effect, and it was presumed that the amount of rain increased on the mountainous area. It was clearly successful that the artificial cloud echoes were recognized about 1.5 h later after the seeding on Feb. 27 as a chain-type cloud echo at east-northeast of Mikura Island on the composition radar echo of Japan Meteorological Agency as an indirect effect. The echo height reached from 3000 m to 5000 m when the artificial cloud moved to the leeward side of Miyake Island. It was recognized that the seeding rate of liquid carbon dioxide with about 5 g/s is suitable in a little inside convective cloud with an air temperature below -5°C.
- Journal of Agricultural Meteorology
Journal of Agricultural Meteorology 69(3), 147-157, 2013
The Society of Agricultural Meteorology of Japan