Cannabinoid suppressed bicuculline-induced convulsion without respiratory depression in the brainstem-spinal cord preparation from newborn rats

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Author(s)

    • KODA Shusuke
    • Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Nippon Medical School
    • TAKEDA Shinhiro
    • Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Nippon Medical School
    • AKADA Shinji
    • Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Nippon Medical School

Abstract

Previous studies have suggested that cannabinoid compounds are anticonvulsants and that these compounds depress respiratory activity. However, the anticonvulsant potential of cannabinoids and their depressive effect on respiration have not been evaluated simultaneously. In the present study, we used a brainstem-spinal cord preparation model to investigate changes in inspiratory activity and the anticonvulsant effects of a cannabinoid receptor agonist, WIN55, 212-2, in bicuculline-induced convulsion. Application of 10 μM WIN55, 212-2 caused no change in inspiratory activity (6.9 ± 0.89 bursts/min vs. 8.0 ± 1.3 bursts/min, not significant) and decreased bicuculline-induced seizure-like nerve activity (number of seizure-like activities in 10 min, 11 ± 7.4 bursts vs. 1.5 ± 1.6 bursts, P < 0.01; average duration of seizure-like activity, 8.9 ± 4.0 sec vs. 4.7 ± 2.1 sec, P < 0.01). Our results suggest that administration of an appropriate dose of cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN55,212-2 has an anticonvulsant effect but does not cause respiratory depression.

Journal

  • Biomedical Research

    Biomedical Research 26(6), 241-247, 2005

    Biomedical Research Press

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