国会会議録コーパスを用いたオノマトペ使用の地域比較  [in Japanese] Cross-regional comparison of mimetic word uses based on the Minutes of the Diet of Japan  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 中村 聡史 Nakamura Satoshi
    • 明治大学 総合数理学部 先端メディアサイエンス学科|JST CREST School of Interdisciplinary Mathematical Sciences, Department of Frontier Media Science, Meiji University.|Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology, Japan Science and Technology Agency.
    • 小松 孝徳 Komatsu Takanori
    • 明治大学 総合数理学部 先端メディアサイエンス学科 School of Interdisciplinary Mathematical Sciences, Department of Frontier Media Science, Meiji University.
    • 秋田 喜美 Akita Kimi
    • 大阪大学大学院 言語文化研究科 Graduate School of Language and Culture, Osaka University.

Abstract

Japanese "onomatopoeic" words (also called mimetics and ideophones) are more frequent in spoken discourse, especially in informal daily conversations, than in writing. It is a common belief that onomatopoeia is particularly frequent in some areas, such as the Kinki region. To examine the plausibility of this folk dialectology, we investigated the frequency of onomatopoeia in the Minutes of the Diet as a corpus of spoken Japanese. We examined whether there is really a difference in the use of onomatopoeia among the eleven major regions of Japan. We analyzed the conversation data (limited to the last two decades) according to the hometowns of the speakers. The results revealed that there is no cross-regional difference in the overall frequency of onomatopoeia and non-onomatopoeic adverbs. However, a particular morphological type of onomatopoeia?i.e., "emphatic" onomatopoeia, such as hakkiri 'clearly'?did show a regional variation in frequency. The results suggest that different types of onomatopoeia have different functions. The present study introduced a "macro-viewpoint" method that is based on a large-scale database. Further investigations into the functional aspect of onomatopoeia will also benefit from a dialectological method that adopts a "micro-viewpoint" on the detailed descriptions of a small number of speakers from each region. We hope that the present quantitative approach to the sociolinguistics of onomatopoeia will offer a new perspective on dialectology and on the effective utilization of onomatopoeia in the field of information science.

Journal

  • Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence

    Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 30(1), 274-281, 2015

    The Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130004927354
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1346-0714
  • Data Source
    J-STAGE 
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