社会資本整備における公共受容の要因:政策評価次元とデモグラフィック変数による分析 FACTORS OF PUBLIC ACCEPTANCE OF INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT: ANALYSIS BY DIMENSIONS OF POLICY EVALUATION AND DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES

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著者

抄録

1902名の市民に対する2度の社会調査によって社会資本整備に対する公共評価の構造を探り,意思決定領域で行政優先,住民優先,手続き的公正,結果領域で事業利益,住民弊害,広域弊害,分配的公正の計7次元を抽出した.現在の政策に対して回答者は全般的に批判的だが,行政優先と事業利益の2次元は満足度と正の関係を,手続き的公正と広域弊害の2次元は負の関係を示した.自民党支持者は事業利益と行政優先の2次元を重視し,弊害,公正さ,住民意思などの次元は軽視した.野党支持者や支持政党なしの回答者はこれと正反対だった.高所得者の評価は自民党支持者と類似していたが,行政に対する信頼は低かった.高学歴者は手続き的公正や弊害を重視する反面,事業利益に注目するなど多面的な評価を示した.

In two survey studies with 1902 Japanese people, we found 7 dimensions of their public evaluation of infrastructural policies: procedural fairness, priority of local residents, and priority of the government in the evaluation of decision making and benefits, local and global costs, and distributive fairness in the evaluation of consequences. Although respondents were generally critical to the current policies, the dimensions of priority of the government and benefits were positively related but those of procedural fairness and global costs were negatively related with satisfaction with the current policies. Supporters of LPD stressed more priority of the government and benefits but less fairness, costs, and priority of local residents. Supporters of the non-governmental parties and nonpartisans showed the opposite pattern. High income goups made a similar evaluation to the LPD supporters, but they did not so trust the government. High educational groups made a multifaceted evaluation of improvement to infrastructure, that is, they did not only stress procedural fairness and costs but also benefits.

収録刊行物

  • 土木学会論文集D

    土木学会論文集D 64(3), 325-339, 2008

    公益社団法人 土木学会

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    130004942871
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • データ提供元
    J-STAGE 
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