The effective use of shortwave penetration below the ocean surface in a MOM3-based ocean general circulation model
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There are two problems with the shortwave penetration scheme used in Modular Ocean Model version 3 (MOM3): (i) the spatiotemporal variability of the thickness of the first layer resulting from the free surface is not considered, and (ii) shortwave irradiance penetrates the ocean bottom. Because both of these problems can cause artificial heat sources or sinks, their effects are evaluated in the present study using a MOM3-based ocean general circulation model. The first problem creates an artificial heat sink (source) in the regions of positive (negative) sea surface height (SSH) with a maximum amplitude greater than 10 W m<sup>-2</sup> and decreases (increases) sea surface temperature (SST) by up to 0.3°C on the basis of annual mean. This change in SST leads to a reduction in global mean evaporation and, as a result, an increase in SSH, which enhances the artificial heat sink. After several years of integration, this positive feedback amplifies the effects of the first problem in cases of stand-alone ocean simulations forced by freshwater flux. The estimated artificial heat sink induced by the second problem reaches 50 W m<sup>-2</sup>, and the decrease in SST exceeds 1.0°C. However, the effects of this problem are restricted within shallow coastal areas and do not involve positive feedback.
- JAMSTEC Report of Research and Development
JAMSTEC Report of Research and Development 15(0), 35-46, 2012
Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology