現代インドにおける暴動とその予防の実証分析:―マハーラーシュトラ州のモハッラー・コミッティによる予防活動の事例―  [in Japanese] Communal Riots and Prevention, an Empirical Research for the Mohalla Committees in Maharashtra, India  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

従来、インドにおけるコミュナル暴動については、歴史学、宗教学、政治学、社会学、経済学から、その発生メカニズムを求める研究が多く積み重ねられてきたものの、その予防に関しての具体的実証に基づいた研究は希少である。本稿の目的は、マハーラーシュトラ州の暴動発生地域で、1990年代から遂行されてきたモハッラー・コミッティによる暴動予防活動の、成立過程と関与したアクターについて、コミュニティ・ポリシングの概念枠組みに基づいて分析することである。モハッラー・コミッティの活動は、州警察と地域住民の連携に基づき、パトロール、会合開催、レクリエーションおよび就職支援といったハード面からソフト面にまで及んでいた。本稿の分析からは、暴動予防活動における州警察と地域住民の連携関係の構築が、実際には警察官個人の資質に基づいた裁量に依るところが大きく、また地域住民の意思を反映しながらも、予防活動を展開していく困難さが提起される。

Since Partition, much study has been devoted to the causes of communal riots between Hindus and Muslims in India. Recently, some researchers have considered the effectiveness of strategies to prevent riots in local areas (e. g. Varshney 2002; Brass 2003). However, we need to examine the specific efforts of actors who have been involved in such communal riots. The purpose of this study is to look out how Hindu-Muslim riots prevention have been accomplished by local actors. This study sets out to answer, “How riot prevention efforts have been undertaken and developed in India?” The significance of this study is to discuss the different approaches to riots prevention, and to investigate the attitude of local police and communities through interview and observation in Bhiwandi and Mumbai, Maharashtra state.<br> The subject of this research is the Mohalla Committees have been engaged in patrolling, holding regular meetings, and organizing religious tolerance events to prevent communal riots between local police and citizens since the mid 1990's. This study considers the activities of the Mohalla Committees to be the good example through community policing in India.<br> Mohalla Committees enhanced the restoration of proper law enforcement, reformed policepublic relations, and promoted neighborhood contact to solve common issues between different religious communities. Meanwhile, developing cooperation within local communities towards the prevention of riots depends largely on the leadership qualities of the local police. There are some differences to respect the wishes of local citizens are employed in riot prevention.

Journal

  • Minamiajiakenkyu

    Minamiajiakenkyu 2012(24), 33-55, 2012

    JAPANESE ASSOCIATION FOR SOUTH ASIAN STUDIES

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130004967309
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10241576
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0915-5643
  • NDL Article ID
    025569364
  • NDL Call No.
    Z8-3344
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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