「自己の構築」の再検討 Reconsidering the Construction of the Self
Recently, issues related to the self have become increasingly prominent in sociology, as a result of the emphasis on the construction of the self. The issues at stake are how the self is constructed through interaction, and how society relates to that. The purpose of this paper is to reconsider that construction. Firstly, the concepts of the self are organized in terms of the relationship between the self and the interaction. Secondly, the process of the construction of the self is examined through discussion of role and narrative. There has been much discussion of the actual process of the construction of the self through interaction. However, insufficient attention has been paid to the relationship between the self and the process of construction through interaction. This paper examines the problem through G. H. Mead's discussions of the self and of time. From the perspective of Mead's discussion of the self, it is clarified precisely that 1) the self is constructed through interaction, and 2) the constructed self and the constructing self are related. From the perspectives of Mead's discussion of time, it is clarified that the interaction is constructed in the passages of the present referring to emergence. This emergence is enabled not merely by generation of novelty, but by an occupation of different systems in passing, and by a relationship between interactions (an interaction of interactions). In conclusion, it is shown that it is necessary for sociologists analyzing concepts of the self to focus both on the relationship between the self and interaction, and on the relationship between interactions.
ソシオロジ 55(1), 39-55,134, 2010