Isolation of multiple drug-resistant enteric bacteria from feces of wild Western Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in Gabon Isolation of multiple drug-resistant enteric bacteria from feces of wild Western Lowland Gorilla (<i>Gorilla gorilla gorilla</i>) in Gabon

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Author(s)

    • OKUBO Torahiko OKUBO Torahiko
    • Laboratory of Food Microbiology and Food Safety, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Rakuno Gakuen University, Ebetsu, Hokkaido 069–0836, Japan
    • FUJITA Shiho
    • United Graduate School of Veterinary Science, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima 890–0065, Japan
    • YAMAGIWA Juichi
    • Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa, Kyoto 606–8502, Japan
    • TAMURA Yutaka
    • Laboratory of Food Microbiology and Food Safety, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Rakuno Gakuen University, Ebetsu, Hokkaido 069–0836, Japan
    • USHIDA Kazunari
    • Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Kyoto Prefectural University, Shimogamo, Kyoto 606–8522, Japan

Abstract

Prevalence of drug-resistant bacteria in wildlife can reveal the actual level of anthropological burden on the wildlife. In this study, we isolated two multiple drug-resistant strains, GG6-2 and GG6-1-1, from 27 fresh feces of wild western lowland gorillas in Moukalaba-Doudou National Park, Gabon. Isolates were identified as Achromobacter xylosoxidans and Providencia sp., respectively. Minimum inhibitory concentrations of the following 12 drugs—ampicillin (ABPC), cefazolin (CEZ), cefotaxime (CTX), streptomycin (SM), gentamicin (GM), kanamycin (KM), tetracycline (TC), nalidixic acid (NA), ciprofloxacin (CPFX), colistin (CL), chloramphenicol (CP) and trimethoprim (TMP)—were determined. Isolate GG6-2 was resistant to all antimicrobials tested and highly resistant to CTX, SM, TC, NA and TMP. Isolate GG6-1-1 was resistant to ABPC, CEZ, TC, CL, CP and TMP.

Prevalence of drug-resistant bacteria in wildlife can reveal the actual level of anthropological burden on the wildlife. In this study, we isolated two multiple drug-resistant strains, GG6-2 and GG6-1-1, from 27 fresh feces of wild western lowland gorillas in Moukalaba-Doudou National Park, Gabon. Isolates were identified as <i>Achromobacter xylosoxidans</i> and <i>Providencia</i> sp., respectively. Minimum inhibitory concentrations of the following 12 drugs—ampicillin (ABPC), cefazolin (CEZ), cefotaxime (CTX), streptomycin (SM), gentamicin (GM), kanamycin (KM), tetracycline (TC), nalidixic acid (NA), ciprofloxacin (CPFX), colistin (CL), chloramphenicol (CP) and trimethoprim (TMP)—were determined. Isolate GG6-2 was resistant to all antimicrobials tested and highly resistant to CTX, SM, TC, NA and TMP. Isolate GG6-1-1 was resistant to ABPC, CEZ, TC, CL, CP and TMP.

Journal

  • Journal of Veterinary Medical Science

    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 77(5), 619-623, 2015

    JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005071875
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA10796138
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    journal article
  • ISSN
    0916-7250
  • NDL Article ID
    026448543
  • NDL Call No.
    Z18-350
  • Data Source
    NDL  IR  J-STAGE 
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