日本歯周病学会会員の喫煙に関する質問票調査  [in Japanese] Prevalence of tobacco smoking among members of the Japanese Society of Periodontology  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 稲垣 幸司 Inagaki Koji
    • 愛知学院大学短期大学部歯科衛生学科|日本歯周病学会健康サポート委員会 Department of Dental Hygiene, Aichi Gakuin University Junior College|Health Support Committee in Japanese Society of Periodontology
    • 王 宝禮 Oh Hourei
    • 大阪歯科大学歯科医学教育開発室|日本歯周病学会健康サポート委員会 Department of Innovation in Dental Education, Osaka Dental University|Health Support Committee in Japanese Society of Periodontology
    • 埴岡 隆 Hanioka Takashi
    • 福岡歯科大学口腔歯学部口腔保健学講座口腔健康科学分野|日本歯周病学会健康サポート委員会 Department of Preventive and Public Health Dentistry, Fukuoka Dental College|Health Support Committee in Japanese Society of Periodontology
    • 藤井 健男 Fujii Takeo
    • 松本歯科大学大学院歯学独立研究科健康増進口腔科学講座|日本歯周病学会健康サポート委員会 Department of Oral Health Promotion, Matsumoto Dental University Graduate School|Health Support Committee in Japanese Society of Periodontology
    • 両角 俊哉 Morozumi Toshiya
    • 新潟大学大学院医歯学総合研究科口腔生命科学専攻摂食環境制御学講座歯周診断・再建学分野|日本歯周病学会健康サポート委員会 Division of Periodontology, Department of Oral Biological Science, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences|Health Support Committee in Japanese Society of Periodontology
    • 伊藤 弘 Ito Hiroshi
    • 日本歯科大学生命歯学部歯周病学講座|日本歯周病学会健康サポート委員会 Department of Periodontology, The Nippon Dental University School of Life Dentistry at Tokyo|Health Support Committee in Japanese Society of Periodontology
    • 山本 龍生 Yamamoto Tatsuo
    • 神奈川歯科大学大学院歯学研究科社会歯科学講座|日本歯周病学会健康サポート委員会 Department of Dental Sociology, Graduate School of Dentistry, Kanagawa Dental University|Health Support Committee in Japanese Society of Periodontology
    • 森田 学 Morita Manabu
    • 岡山大学大学院医歯薬学総合研究科社会環境生命科学専攻長寿社会医学講座予防歯科学分野|日本歯周病学会健康サポート委員会 Department of Preventive Dentistry, Division of Social and Environmental Sciences, Okayama University|Health Support Committee in Japanese Society of Periodontology

Abstract

日本歯周病学会会員の喫煙状況を把握するために層化無作為抽出による質問票調査を行った。対象は,631名(男性62.4%,回収率:42.1%)で,30-39歳が最も多く30.3%を占めた。職種の内訳は,歯科医師75.4%,歯科衛生士22.5%,歯科技工士0.2%,学生0.3%,その他1.6%であった。所属別では,大学・大学院・短大15.2%,附属病院・関連病院8.1%,開業歯科医院71.6%,その他5.1%で,学会資格でみると,指導医4.9%,専門医13.0%,認定医8.6%,認定歯科衛生士13.2%,一般会員60.4%であった。勤務先の脱タバコ対策は,敷地内禁煙48.2%,建物内禁煙34.9%,一方,家族・同居者に喫煙者がいるものが30.7%となった。喫煙歴は,非喫煙者376名(59.6%),前喫煙者211名(33.4%),喫煙者44名(7.0%)で,職種別喫煙率は,歯科医師8.4%,歯科衛生士2.1%で,歯科医師が有意に高かった(<i>P</i><0.05)。資格の有無別喫煙率は,指導医,専門医,認定医7.8%,一般会員8.7%となった。喫煙者の年齢層別喫煙率は,20-29歳3.1%,30-39歳8.9%,40-49歳6.9%,50-59歳6.2%,60-69歳8.0%で,30-39歳が最も高かった。なお,喫煙者の70.5%が禁煙を試みていたが,81.8%が関心期であった。本調査結果が,日本歯周病学会会員の歯周病治療における禁煙支援を積極的に推進していくことに活かされていくことが望まれる。

The aim of this study was to determine the smoking status of members of the Japanese Society of Periodontology (JSP). Self-administered questionnaires to determine the smoking status were distributed to certain members of the society who were selected through stratified proportional random sampling. A total of 631 members responded, which represents a response rate of 42.1%. Of those who responded, 62.4% were males and 30.3% were in their 30s, which represented the largest of all the age groups. The respondents consisted of dentists (75.4%), dental hygienists (22.5%), dental technicians (0.2%), students (0.3%) and others (1.6%). The respondents were also divided into the following groups: university dental staff (15.2%), university hospital staff (8.1%), general practitioners (71.6%) and others (5.1%). According to the JSP qualification, the respondents consisted of instructors for periodontists (4.9%), board-certified periodontists (13.0%), periodontists (8.6%), board-certified dental hygienists (13.2%), and general members (60.4%). With regard to the workplace policy on smoking, a completely smoke-free workplace policy was reported by 48.2% of the respondents, and 34.9% reported that smoking was allowed only outside the buildings; 30.7% of those not actively smoking reported being exposed to second-hand smoke at home. The sample included 376 people who had never smoked (59.6%), 211 ex-smokers (33.4%), and 44 current smokers (7.0%). The prevalence of smoking in dentists was 8.4%, which was higher than that in the dental hygienists (2.1%, P<0.05). When analyzed by qualification, the prevalence of smoking in all the certified periodontists was 7.8%, which was lower than that in the general members (8.7%). By age-group, the prevalence of smoking was 8.9% in the 30s age group, 6.9% in the 40s age group, 6.2% in the 50s age group, 8.0% in the 60s age group, and only 3.1% in the respondents who were in their 20s. Among the smokers, 70.5% had actually tried to quit smoking and 81.8% reported that they were in the contemplation stage. The present study highlights the importance of focusing attention on members of the JSP for smoking cessation in periodontal treatment.

Journal

  • Nihon Shishubyo Gakkai Kaishi (Journal of the Japanese Society of Periodontology)

    Nihon Shishubyo Gakkai Kaishi (Journal of the Japanese Society of Periodontology) 57(2), 100-106, 2015

    JAPANESE SOCIETY OF PERIODONTOLOGY

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005085051
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0385-0110
  • Data Source
    J-STAGE 
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