Factors Affecting Employment Status of Home Caregivers of Elderly People

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Author(s)

    • NISHINA KIYOKO NISHINA KIYOKO
    • Department of Epidemiology and Environmental Health, Juntendo University Faculty of Medicine|Department of Gerontological Nursing, Juntendo University Faculty of Health Care Nursing
    • NISHIOKA EMIKO
    • Department of Epidemiology and Environmental Health, Juntendo University Faculty of Medicine|Department of Midwifery and Women’s Health, Kobe University Graduate School of Health Sciences
    • IIJIMA SACHIKO
    • Department of Nursing Administration, Juntendo University Faculty of Health Care Nursing
    • KUDOU AYAKO
    • Department of Gerontological Nursing, Juntendo University Faculty of Health Care Nursing
    • KITAMURA FUMIHIKO
    • Department of Epidemiology and Environmental Health, Juntendo University Faculty of Medicine

Abstract

<b><i>Objective:</i></b> This study aimed to assess sociodemographic factors affecting the employment status of home caregivers of elderly people.<br><b><i>Participants:</i></b> Subjects were 98 home caregivers (mean age, 54.9±7.0 years) who had been employed before they started providing care.<br><b><i>Methods:</i></b> The employment status and sociodemographic characteristics of caregivers, as well as characteristics of elderly persons receiving care from the caregivers, were surveyed by self-administered questionnaires.<br><b><i>Results:</i></b> Among 98 caregivers, 69 (70.4%) were employed and 29 (29.6%) were unemployed. Required care levels of elderly persons who received care were higher with unemployed caregivers than with employed caregivers (p < 0.05). In unemployed caregivers, age was higher, the proportion of females was lower, care time was longer, and support from other family members was less compared with employed caregivers (p < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that care time (OR 0.99, 95% CI 0.98-1.00), age of caregivers (OR 0.80, 95% CI 0.71-0.91), and use of a home-visit nursing service (OR 0.19, 95% CI 0.05-0.75) were negatively related to employment, whereas support from family members was positively related to employment (OR 5.23, 95% CI 1.41-9.34). Required care level was significantly correlated with care time (r=0.37, p < 0.001).<br><b><i>Conclusions:</i></b> A higher care level leads to a longer care time, resulting in unemployment. Leave from a job can be moderated by support from family members and a younger age of caregivers. Additionally, unemployment appears to increase the use of home-visit nursing services.

Journal

  • Juntendo Medical Journal

    Juntendo Medical Journal 61(2), 136-141, 2015

    The Juntendo Medical Society

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005093620
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA1262207X
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    2187-9737
  • NDL Article ID
    026651344
  • NDL Call No.
    Z19-432
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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