主張性と児童の内的・外的適応との因果関係――短期縦断的検討――  [in Japanese] Causal relationship between assertiveness and adjustment in children: A short-term longitudinal study  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

This study examined the causal relationships between assertiveness and both internal and external adjustment in children. Elementary school children in grades four through six (<I>N</I> = 284) participated in the study, which used a short-term longitudinal design. The children completed questionnaires twice during a 6-months period. They responded to assertiveness questionnaires that included two components: "self-expression" and "consideration of others". They also completed a self-esteem scale as an index of internal adjustment, and the Class Life Satisfaction scale as an index of external adjustment. There was a positive causative relationship between "self-expression" and internal adjustment and between "consideration for others" and external adjustment. In addition, the effects on adjustment varied according to the type of assertiveness. Cluster analysis and MANOVA indicated that the group with high "self-expression" and "consideration for others" had high internal and external adjustment, while the children with poor assertiveness showed the lowest degree of adaptivity.

This study examined the causal relationships between assertiveness and both internal and external adjustment in children. Elementary school children in grades four through six (<I>N</I> = 284) participated in the study, which used a short-term longitudinal design. The children completed questionnaires twice during a 6-months period. They responded to assertiveness questionnaires that included two components: "self-expression" and "consideration of others". They also completed a self-esteem scale as an index of internal adjustment, and the Class Life Satisfaction scale as an index of external adjustment. There was a positive causative relationship between "self-expression" and internal adjustment and between "consideration for others" and external adjustment. In addition, the effects on adjustment varied according to the type of assertiveness. Cluster analysis and MANOVA indicated that the group with high "self-expression" and "consideration for others" had high internal and external adjustment, while the children with poor assertiveness showed the lowest degree of adaptivity.

Journal

  • The Japanese journal of psychology

    The Japanese journal of psychology 86(3), 191-199, 2015

    The Japanese Psychological Association

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005095277
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00123620
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0021-5236
  • NDL Article ID
    026686463
  • NDL Call No.
    Z19-10
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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