科学館における「対話」の構築:相互行為分析から見た「知ってる？」の使用 Constructing a Dialogue at Science Museum:A Practice of 'Do you know X?'from the Perspective of Interaction Analysis
This paper focuses on the practice of using the question, 'Do you know X?'This ques-<br>tion has been treated carefully in the community of science communicators (SCs). SCs<br>have the role of connecting scientists and engineers with the general public in exhibition<br>areas in science museums, where they construct dialogues with visitors. The dialogue<br> can be a "delicate "interaction for two reasons: 1) there is a fundamental difference<br> in the motivation for the dialogue between SCs and visitors in a science museum, and<br> 2) they need to share the goal of dialogue during an ongoing interaction, because they<br>have no specific goal in advance, such as a medical consultation or a business meeting. <br>Therefore, we analyzed the practice of using, 'Do you know X?'as an example of a <br>"delicate"interaction, based on a conversation analytic approach. We reveal that SCs <br>use 'Do you know X?'together with other embodied actions for the management of <br>topics in dialogue, such as drawing out the visitors'degree of knowledge or interest in <br>building a "bidirectional"communication. Our analysis also shows that SCs can shape <br>the dialogue to fit the visitors'knowledge or the interest that visitors display publicly. <br>In this sense, it is important for "bidirectional"science communication that not only<br> SCs but also visitors are sensitive to constructing "dialogue"together.
認知科学 22(1), 69-83, 2015