介護予防教室参加者における運動の継続に関連する要因  [in Japanese] Factors Associated with Maintenance of Physical Activity among Older Adults Who Participated in the Class in a Care Prevention Program  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

【目的】介護予防教室参加者の運動継続にかかわる要因を明らかにし,効果的に支援する方法を示すこと。【方法】介護予防教室に参加した65 歳以上の高齢者309 名を対象とし,基本属性,身体機能,社会参加,心理的要因の質問紙調査と,5 m 歩行等の身体機能を測定した。統計学的検討は運動状況別に3 群に分類し比較した。さらに運動継続の有無を従属変数とした多重ロジスティック回帰分析を行った。【結果】運動状況による3 群間の比較では社会参加等で有意差が見られた。運動継続には運動の生活パターンへの組みこみ(OR: 10.04, 95% CI: 3.36–30.03),何回か休んでも再開する自信(以下,Re-SE)(OR: 2.36, 95% CI: 1.26–4.42)等が関連していた。【結論】介護予防教室参加者が運動を継続するためには,運動を生活パターンに組みこむような行動プランの提示と,Re-SE を高めることが重要であることが明らかとなった。

<b>Purpose</b>: The present study was conducted to identify the determinants of maintenance of physical activity among older adults who participated in a care prevention program. <b>Methods</b>: The subjects were 309 older adults who participated in a care prevention program. The subjects were divided into three groups, namely the exercise continuation group, unstable exercise continuation group, and non-exercise group, by using an action transformation stage about the exercise. We investigated the baseline characteristics, social participation, body function, and psychological factors of the subjects by administering a self-reported questionnaire and conducting physical performance tests. <b>Results</b>: Social participation and functional factors were related to exercise activity. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that a lifestyle with exercise and recovery self-efficacy were associated with maintenance of physical activity. <b>Conclusions</b>: In this study, we demonstrated that incorporating exercise into one’s lifestyle and enhancement of recovery self-efficacy are important factors that promote physical activity among older adults who participate in a care prevention program.

Journal

  • Physical Therapy Japan

    Physical Therapy Japan 42(6), 511-518, 2015

    Japanese Society of Physical Therapy

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005104718
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0289-3770
  • Data Source
    J-STAGE 
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