Age and gender differences in relationships between physical activity and sense of coherence in community-dwelling older adults Age and gender differences in relationships between physical activity and sense of coherence in community-dwelling older adults

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Author(s)

    • MONMA Takafumi
    • Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba|The Japan Society for the Promotion of Science
    • TAKEDA Fumi
    • Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Tsukuba
    • TSUNODA Kenji
    • Physical Fitness Research Institute, Meiji Yasuda Life Foundation of Health and Welfare
    • HOTOGE Shuko
    • Faculty of Human Sciences, University of Human Arts and Sciences
    • ASANUMA Tohru
    • Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba

Abstract

目的:地域在住高齢者における身体活動(余暇活動,家庭内活動,仕事関連活動)とストレス対処力(sense of coherence; SOC)との関連を性・年齢層別に検討した.<br>方法:2011年および2012年の7~8月に茨城県笠間市に在住する65~85歳の地域在住高齢者のうち,体力テストに参加意思を表明した508名に記名自記式調査を実施した.調査票は体力テスト参加日に回収し,欠損回答のない394名(男性194名,女性200名:有効回答率77.6%)を分析対象とした.調査項目は属性(性,年齢,教育年数,世帯構成,既往症の有無),身体活動(Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly日本版;余暇活動,家庭内活動,仕事関連活動の各実施量),SOC(13項目5件法版Sense of Coherence Scale),ソーシャルネットワーク(家族,友人)であった.身体活動とSOCとの関連を,教育年数,世帯構成,既往症の有無,ソーシャルネットワークを統制した重回帰分析により検討した.分析は,性別,年齢層別(前期高齢者:65~74歳,後期高齢者:75~85歳)に分けて実施した.<br>結果:前期高齢者の男性では,余暇活動量とSOCとの間に有意な正の関連を認めた(β=0.233, p<0.05).また,後期高齢者の男性において仕事関連活動量がSOCと有意な正の関連(β=0.273, p<0.05)を認めた一方,前期高齢者の女性では,仕事関連活動量とSOCとの間に有意な負の関連(β=-0.285, p<0.01)を認めた.<br>結論:比較的健康な地域在住高齢者において,身体活動とSOCとの関連性は性や年齢層によって異なり,男性では,前期高齢者は余暇活動が,後期高齢者は仕事関連活動が多いほどSOCが高い一方,女性では年齢層に関わらずSOCを高める身体活動はなかった.本研究は,地域在住高齢者に対する一次予防として有効な身体活動の内容を具体的に示した点で,重要な意義をもつと考えられる.

Purpose: The present study aimed to investigate the relationships between leisure-time, household, and work-related physical activity (PA) and sense of coherence (SOC) by age groups (young-old and old-old) and gender in community-dwelling older adults.<br>Methods: The self-administered questionnaires were sent to 508 community-dwelling older adults aged 65 to 85 years old who expressed their intention to participate in physical performance tests. A total of 394 people who participated in these tests completed the questionnaires (valid response rate, 77.6%). We used the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly to assess PA variables and the 13-item 5-point version of the Sense of Coherence Scale to assess SOC variables. Multiple linear regression analysis with controlling demographic variables (education, living arrangement and clinical histories) and social network (family and friend) was applied to confirm relations between PA and SOC by age groups (young-old or old-old) and gender.<br>Results: In young-old men, leisure-time PA was related positively to SOC (β=0.233, p<0.05). In old-old men, work-related PA related positively to SOC (β=0.273, p<0.05), whereas young-old women showed a significantly negative relation between these variables (β=-0.285, p<0.01).<br>Conclusions: Leisure-time PA in young-old men and work-related in old-old men PA would enhance SOC, whereas any types of PA would not enhance SOC in young-old and old-old women. This study showed specific PA strategies for primary prevention with consideration of age and gender in community-dwelling older adults.

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Health and Human Ecology

    Japanese Journal of Health and Human Ecology 81(5), 159-169, 2015

    The Japanese Society of Health and Human Ecology

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005106765
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • ISSN
    0368-9395
  • Data Source
    J-STAGE 
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