大学生の就職活動維持過程尺度の作成  [in Japanese] Measuring Job-Hunting Maintenance Processes of Japanese University Students : Scale Development  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本研究の目的は, 大学生が企業からの不採用経験をいかに乗り越え就職活動を維持していくかという就職活動維持過程に焦点を当て, 当該過程で経験する行動を測定する尺度を作成し, その信頼性と妥当性を検討することである。2013年および2015年新卒採用スケジュールの就職活動を経験した大学生に対して, 2つの質問紙調査を行った。研究1では, 212名を対象に6つの下位尺度から構成される就職活動維持過程尺度を作成し, 一定の内的整合性と妥当性が確認された。研究2では, 72名を対象に作成尺度と就職活動の時期との検討を行い, 時期によって行われやすい行動が明らかとなり, 過程を測定する尺度としての妥当性が確認された。以上から, 就職活動の当初より行われやすいのは, 不採用経験を受けて当面の活動を維持するための現在志向的行動であり, 当該経験の蓄積や一定の就職活動の継続に伴って次第に, より現実的な将来目標を確立していく思考的作業を含む未来(目標)志向的行動が追加的に行われるようになることが示唆され, 作成尺度が就職活動維持過程における一次的過程と二次的過程を捉えうることが示された。

  The present study aimed to develop a scale to measure job-hunting maintenance processes, that is, the processes by which university students maintain their job-hunting activities after having received rejections from companies that they had applied to; in addition, the reliability and validity of the scale was examined.  The participants were undergraduate and graduate students who had finished their job-hunting activities.  In Study 1 (<i>N</i>=212), the scale was developed, and it was demonstrated that the scale had sufficient internal consistency and validity.  In Study 2 (<i>N</i>=72), relations between job-hunting maintenance processes and the time of the students’ job-hunting period were analyzed.  The results suggested that the job-seekers’ behavior was different, depending on the time of their job-hunting.  The new scale successfully predicted the processes.  For example, at the beginning of the students’ job-hunting (the primary process), the job-seekers tended to engage in present-oriented behavior, in order to maintain their job-hunting activity.  As they gradually became more experienced with job-hunting (the secondary process), they tended to engage in future-oriented (goal-oriented) behavior, such as setting attainable goals.  These results suggest that the new scale may be effective for differentiating between the primary and secondary processes involved in job-hunting maintenance.

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology

    The Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology 63(4), 386-400, 2015

    Japanese Association of Educational Psychology

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005122521
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00345837
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    journal article
  • ISSN
    0021-5015
  • NDL Article ID
    027001270
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-182
  • Data Source
    NDL  IR  J-STAGE 
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