ミャンマー国における高潮災害に対する自立的減災力育成を目指した技術支援の取組  [in Japanese] THE MEASURE OF TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AIMED AT TRAINING FOR THE REDUCTION OF DISASTER INDEPENDENTLY TO STORM SURGE DISASTER IN MYANMAR  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

ミャンマー沿岸部では2008年5月に深刻な高潮被害を受け,約14万人の犠牲者を出した.これを受け沿岸部デルタ地帯の高潮被害を軽減するため,JICAによる自然災害早期警報システム構築プロジェクト<sup>1)</sup>(JICAプロジェクト)が実施されている.広範囲で入り組んだ沿岸各地に精度の高い高潮警報を住民に伝えるためには,ミャンマー国(麺国)の技術者が自立的に各地の潮位特性を分析できる技術を身につけることが重要である.筆者らはリボンテープを用いた簡易潮位計を用い短期間の観測から潮位推算を行ない,これらの手法を防災安全教育の一環として麺国の実情に合わせた継続的な展開が可能な基礎的観測技術の移転を行った.

 The Ayerwaddy Region of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, facing the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea, was hit by Cyclone Nargis in May 2008. The cyclone caused a huge storm surge and brought about 140,000 death or missing. The Project on Establishment of End-to-End Early Warning System for Natural Disaster in the Republic of the Union of Myanmar (JICA project) has been conducted to mitigate such disaster which would be caused by a cyclone at the coastal area of Myanmar.<br> The authors participated in this Project and found it is important to transfer technology to observe and predict future tide level more precisely in the coastal area so that residents can take proper evacuation actions well before a storm surge hits.<br> The authors therefore introduced a simple observation method of tide level using a ribbon rod and carried out training for engineers and officers in charge so that they can measure and predict tide levels for themselves in an easy and sustainable way.

Journal

  • Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Ser. F6 (Safety Problem)

    Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Ser. F6 (Safety Problem) 71(2), I_125-I_130, 2015

    Japan Society of Civil Engineers

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005123677
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    21856621
  • Data Source
    IR  J-STAGE 
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