Role of Cardiac Multidetector Computed Tomography Beyond Coronary Angiography

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著者

    • Sato Akira
    • Cardiovascular Division, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba
    • Aonuma Kazutaka
    • Cardiovascular Division, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba

抄録

Cardiac multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) has become a useful noninvasive modality for anatomical imaging of coronary artery disease (CAD). Currently, the main clinical advantage of coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) appears to be related to its high negative predictive value at low or intermediate pretest probability for CAD. With the development of technical aspects of MDCT, clinical practice and research are increasingly shifting toward defining the clinical implication of plaque morphology, myocardial perfusion, and patient outcomes. The presence of positive vessel remodeling, low-attenuation plaques, napkin-ring sign, or spotty calcification on CCTA could be useful information on high-risk vulnerable plaques. The napkin-ring sign, especially, showed higher accuracy for the detection of thin-cap fibroatheroma. Recently, it was reported that cardiac 3D single-photon emission tomography/CT fusion imaging, noninvasive fractional flow reserve computed from CT, and integrated CCTA and CT myocardial perfusion were associated with improved diagnostic accuracy for the detection of hemodynamically significant CAD. Furthermore, several randomized, large clinical trials have evaluated the clinical value of CCTA for chest pain triage in the emergency department or long-term reduction in death, myocardial infarction, or hospitalization for unstable angina. In this review we discuss the role of cardiac MDCT beyond coronary angiography, including a comparison with other currently available imaging modalities used to examine atherosclerotic plaque and myocardial perfusion. (<i>Circ J</i> 2015; <b>79:</b> 712–720)

収録刊行物

  • 日本循環器學誌

    日本循環器學誌 79(4), 712-720, 2015

    一般社団法人 日本循環器学会

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    130005130232
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • ISSN
    1346-9843
  • データ提供元
    J-STAGE 
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