東日本大震災におけるサードセクターの実像と法人格  [in Japanese] The Third Sector's True Face and Legal Status in the Great East Japan Earthquake  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 菅野 拓 Sugano Taku
    • 阪神・淡路大震災記念 人と防災未来センター Disaster Reduction and Human Renovation Institution

Abstract

日本のサードセクターは東日本大震災に対応する主要なアクターのひとつとして社会的に認識されているが,その実態は不明瞭である.東日本大震災が戦後最大級の社会問題であることを考えると,これに対応するサードセクターの実態を把握することは日本のサードセクター全体に対する一定の現状認識を与えるだろう.本論では東日本大震災に対応する支援団体に対する数量調査結果を,特に法人格に注目することから分析し,社会問題に対応する日本のサードセクターの実態を明らかにした.分析の結果,震災に対応するサードセクターは特定非営利活動法人,任意団体,一般法人などから構成され,1団体当たりの支援への支出規模も大きかった.また,特に一般法人が個々人の自発性の器となり,震災に特化して対応していることが把握された.

It is widely recognized that the Japanese "third sector" was one of the principal actors responding to the Great East Japan Earthquake, but the reality is not clearly distinct. If one accepts that the Great East Japan Earthquake was one of the most devastating events in postwar Japanese society, grasping the reality of how the third sector responded should provide an awareness of the state of the third sector in Japan. This study analyzes the results of a quantitative survey of the aid organizations that responded to the Great East Japan Earthquake, paying attention to their legal status, revealing the reality pertaining to the Japanese third sector in responding to problems. The analysis' results show that the third sector entities responding to the earthquake were composed of specially designated non-profit organizations, voluntary organizations, general corporations, and so forth; the scale of expenditure for assistance per organization was great. It was also revealed that the general corporations became a vehicle for the personal initiatives of individuals who responded in ways tailored specifically to the earthquake.

Journal

  • The Nonprofit Review

    The Nonprofit Review 15(2), 33-44, 2015

    JAPAN NPO RESEARCH ASSOCIATION

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005132789
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11577184
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1346-4116
  • NDL Article ID
    027198104
  • NDL Call No.
    Z71-F751
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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