Time Use of the Urban Poor and Rural Poor on Activities and Travel in Gujarat, India: Similarities and Differences

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Author(s)

    • CHIKARAISHI Makoto
    • Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation, Hiroshima University
    • JANA Arnab
    • Centre for Urban Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology
    • BARDHAN Ronita
    • Centre for Urban Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology
    • FUJIWARA Akimasa
    • Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation, Hiroshima University

Abstract

This paper explores the impact of being poor on time use decisions and the similarities and differences between urban and rural areas in Gujarat, India. For this purpose, we develop discrete-continuous time use models for (1) mobile/immobile choices and the time allocated to travel, (2) time use for subsistence activities and (3) time use for social and leisure activities. The empirical results show that (1) while a number of similar impacts of being poor are confirmed between urban and rural areas, significant differences are also observed, possibly because of the different labor needs in urban (tertiary sector) areas versus rural (primary sector) areas, infrastructure differences (such as roads and water supply), and so on. Our results provide evidence that although the meaning of “poor” from the income/expenditure perspective may not differ between urban and rural areas, it is unignorably different from the perspective of time use.

Journal

  • Asian Transport Studies

    Asian Transport Studies 4(1), 19-36, 2016

    Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies

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