高校生の能動的・反応的攻撃性に関する研究:—尺度構成, 2種類の攻撃行動との関連ならびに下位類型の検討—  [in Japanese] Proactive-Reactive Aggressiveness in High School Students ::Scale Construction, Examination of Relations to Physical and Relational Aggression, Exploration of Subtypes  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本研究は, 高校生用の自記式能動的・反応的攻撃性尺度の作成, 能動的・反応的攻撃性と身体的攻撃・関係性攻撃との関連, 能動的・反応的攻撃性類型の心理・行動的特徴を明らかにすることを目的として行われた。高校1~3年生2,010名に対して, 中学生対象に開発された自記式能動的・反応的攻撃性尺度を実施し, 探索的因子分析を実施したところ, 中学生同様の6因子が得られた。検証的因子分析の結果, 仲間支配欲求, 攻撃有能感, 攻撃肯定評価, 欲求固執からなる能動的攻撃性と報復意図と怒りからなる反応的攻撃性の斜交2因子モデルが高い適合度を示した。6下位尺度については, 攻撃肯定評価でやや低いものの, 全体として高い信頼性が得られ, 情動的共感尺度や他の攻撃性尺度等との相関により併存的妥当性が実証された。重回帰分析の結果, 性別と能動的・反応的攻撃性によって, 身体的攻撃の約40%, 関係性攻撃の約30%が説明されることが明らかにされた。クラスター分析の結果, 能動的攻撃性・反応的攻撃性共に高い群, 反応的攻撃性のみが高い群の2種類の攻撃性の高い群が発見され, Crapanzanoの重篤モデルを支持する結果が得られた。

  In the present study, the Proactive-Reactive Aggressiveness Scales for High School Students (SPRAS-H), a self-report scale, was developed, and relationships between proactive-reactive aggressiveness and physical and relational aggression were investigated, as were subtypes of proactive-reactive aggressiveness and their psychological features.  High school students (<I>N</I>=2,010) completed a questionnaire.  Exploratory factor analysis of their responses revealed that SPRAS-H had the exact same 6-factor structure as the Proactive-Reactive Aggressiveness Scales for Junior High School Students (SPRAS-J).  Additional confirmatory factor analysis indicated high goodness-of-fit indices for the oblique 2-factor model of proactive and reactive aggressiveness.  All subscales of the SPRAS-H showed sufficient reliability and concurrent validity.  Multiple regression analysis revealed that 40% of the variance in physical aggression and 30% of the variance in relational aggression could be explained by gender and proactive-reactive aggressiveness.  Cluster analysis indicated that there were 2 types of highly aggressive subgroups.  The extremely aggressive subgroup had high scores on both the proactive and reactive aggressiveness subscales, whereas the reactively aggressive subgroup had high scores only on the reactive aggressiveness subscale.  These results provide support for Crapanzano’s severity model (Crapanzano, Frick, & Terranova, 2010).

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology

    The Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology 64(1), 59-75, 2016

    The Japanese Association of Educational Psychology

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005144098
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00345837
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0021-5015
  • NDL Article ID
    027241594
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-182
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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