教育政策形成における「エビデンス」と政治  [in Japanese] “Evidence” and Politics in Education Policy Formation  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

 「エビデンス」という語は、教育政策の批判的検証の意味で用いられていた。しかし政策形成に力を及すアクターにより、「エビデンス」の語義が変化していく。この語は、政策形成に影響力あるアクターが予め設定した達成すべき「条件」の意味となる。そして、このようなアクターの意向により切り取られた「結果」を「エビデンス」とし、これを踏まえるべきと政策に条件づけをし、当該アクターの意向を反映させようとする政治性も観察される。

 The purpose of this paper is to clarify the various meanings of the word “evidence” through reading meeting records, etc. of actors concerned with education policy.<br> When problems were raised with the Koizumi administration’s efforts to reduce compulsory education expenses drawn on the national treasury, “evidence” was used by the Central Council for Education in a special session on compulsory education to mean that which verified the policy. The same word has similarly been used by committees promoting “regulatory reform,” and the same intention can be seen in its use here by the Central Council for Education.<br> In the “University Reform Execution Plan,” this word is used as the “conditions” set in advance by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, thus meaning that the degree to which these conditions were met would be evaluated with a PDCA cycle, and the result would be tied to budgeting.<br> In documents of the Council on Economy and Fiscal Policy, “evidence” is used to mean the “results” of a policy evaluation by PDCA cycle, in that that “evidence” would quantitatively and objectively show the social impact of a policy via data, etc.<br> When viewing documents of the Ministry of Finance, “evidence” is proposed as a “condition” placed on education policy, which is a departure from the meaning of “results” which had previously been used in regard to expenditure cuts.

Journal

  • THE JAPANESE JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH

    THE JAPANESE JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH 82(2), 241-252, 2015

    Japanese Educational Research Association

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005152567
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00056578
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0387-3161
  • NDL Article ID
    026599910
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-143
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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