教育政策形成における「エビデンス」と政治 [in Japanese] “Evidence” and Politics in Education Policy Formation [in Japanese]
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The purpose of this paper is to clarify the various meanings of the word “evidence” through reading meeting records, etc. of actors concerned with education policy.<br> When problems were raised with the Koizumi administration’s efforts to reduce compulsory education expenses drawn on the national treasury, “evidence” was used by the Central Council for Education in a special session on compulsory education to mean that which verified the policy. The same word has similarly been used by committees promoting “regulatory reform,” and the same intention can be seen in its use here by the Central Council for Education.<br> In the “University Reform Execution Plan,” this word is used as the “conditions” set in advance by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, thus meaning that the degree to which these conditions were met would be evaluated with a PDCA cycle, and the result would be tied to budgeting.<br> In documents of the Council on Economy and Fiscal Policy, “evidence” is used to mean the “results” of a policy evaluation by PDCA cycle, in that that “evidence” would quantitatively and objectively show the social impact of a policy via data, etc.<br> When viewing documents of the Ministry of Finance, “evidence” is proposed as a “condition” placed on education policy, which is a departure from the meaning of “results” which had previously been used in regard to expenditure cuts.
- THE JAPANESE JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH
THE JAPANESE JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH 82(2), 241-252, 2015
Japanese Educational Research Association