保健師が認識する学童期の発達障がい児支援の必要性  [in Japanese] The Perceptions of Public Health Nurses on the Need for Support for School-Age Children with Developmental Disabilities  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

目的:本研究の目的は,学童期の発達障がい児支援の必要性について保健師の認識を明らかにすることである.<br>方法:市町村保健師を対象とした自記式質問紙調査を実施した.「保健師による学童期の発達障がい児の支援は必要だと思いますか」という問いに「はい」と回答し,その理由を記載していた85名の自由記述を,質的帰納的研究法で分析した.<br>結果:発達障がい児の学童期支援が必要と思う保健師は,支援が必要となる背景として,『学童期に新たなニードが現れることがある』『学校外の支援者が必要である』『多職種が連携した支援が必要である』と認識していた.そして発達障がい児の『親・家族支援によって児の発達を助ける』ことや,『地域での育ちを保障する』ことを支援の目的と保健師は認識していた.<br>結論:発達障がいを持つ児の地域での育ちを保障するという長期的な視点で保健師による発達障がい児への学童期支援の必要性が示唆された.

Objective: The aim of this study was to clarify the perceptions of public health nurses regarding the need for support for school-age children with developmental disabilities.<br>Methods: A self-administered, written questionnaire was conducted with public health nurses employed by local municipalities. Respondents who replied "yes" to the question, "Do you think it is necessary for public health nurses to provide support for school age children with developmental disabilities?", were asked to give a reason why in their own words; the free responses of 85 respondents who answered "yes" were subsequently analyzed using a qualitative inductive method.<br>Results: As context for the need to provide support for school-age children with developmental disabilities, public health nurses recognized that "new needs emerge during the school-age period," "support from people outside school is necessary," and "coordinated multi-professional support is necessary." Public health nurses aimed to provide support to "help the development of the child by supporting parents and families," and "guarantee successful development in the community."<br>Conclusion: This study suggested the need for support for school-age children with developmental disabilities by public health nurses, with a special focus on a long-term perspective to guarantee that children with developmental disabilities can grow up successfully in their communities.

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Public Health Nursing

    Japanese Journal of Public Health Nursing 5(1), 21-28, 2016

    Japan Academy of Public Health Nursing

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005152799
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    2187-7122
  • NDL Article ID
    027339238
  • NDL Call No.
    Z74-H694
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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