ハンマー投における高重量ハンマーによる投てきのキネマティクス的特性:レジスティッドトレーニングとしての利用法の検討  [in Japanese] Kinematic characteristics of throwing with the heavier hammer during the hammer throw: Consideration of its usage for resisted training  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

 The purpose of this study was to investigate the kinematics of the throw with the competition hammer (7.26 kg) and the heavier hammer (8.0 kg). Sixteen male hammer throwers threw hammers of both weights at maximum effort. Utilizing 3 high-speed video cameras (300 fps), three-dimensional coordinates of the hammer head and 25 landmarks on the body were obtained by the direct linear transformation method. Hammer head velocity and distance thrown with the heavier hammer were significantly lower than for the throw with the competition hammer. Durations of the turn and double support phase (DSP) in the throw with the heavier hammer were significantly longer than with the competition hammer. Focusing on changes in the velocity of the hammer head, the duration of acceleration with the heavier hammer during the 1st and 2nd turns was longer than for the competition hammer. The Y component of displacement of the center of gravity for the heavier hammer was longer in every phase than for the competition hammer. These results suggest that the throw with the heavier hammer can be an effective training method for acquiring a longer movement of the center of gravity toward the throwing direction during the DSP and longer acceleration of the hammer head.

 The purpose of this study was to investigate the kinematics of the throw with the competition hammer (7.26 kg) and the heavier hammer (8.0 kg). Sixteen male hammer throwers threw hammers of both weights at maximum effort. Utilizing 3 high-speed video cameras (300 fps), three-dimensional coordinates of the hammer head and 25 landmarks on the body were obtained by the direct linear transformation method. Hammer head velocity and distance thrown with the heavier hammer were significantly lower than for the throw with the competition hammer. Durations of the turn and double support phase (DSP) in the throw with the heavier hammer were significantly longer than with the competition hammer. Focusing on changes in the velocity of the hammer head, the duration of acceleration with the heavier hammer during the 1st and 2nd turns was longer than for the competition hammer. The Y component of displacement of the center of gravity for the heavier hammer was longer in every phase than for the competition hammer. These results suggest that the throw with the heavier hammer can be an effective training method for acquiring a longer movement of the center of gravity toward the throwing direction during the DSP and longer acceleration of the hammer head.<br>

Journal

  • Taiikugaku kenkyu (Japan Journal of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences)

    Taiikugaku kenkyu (Japan Journal of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences) 61(1), 75-89, 2016

    Japan Society of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005157265
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00409623
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    journal article
  • ISSN
    0484-6710
  • NDL Article ID
    027495634
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-293
  • Data Source
    NDL  IR  J-STAGE 
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