The Association Between Unhealthy Lifestyle Behaviors and the Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) in Middle-Aged and Older Men

Access this Article

Author(s)

    • Michishita Ryoma
    • Department of Health Development, Institute of Industrial Ecological Sciences, University of Occupational and Environmental Health|The Fukuoka University Institute for Physical Activity
    • Matsuda Takuro
    • The Fukuoka University Institute for Physical Activity|Department of Rehabilitation, Fukuoka University Hospital
    • Kawakami Shotaro
    • The Fukuoka University Institute for Physical Activity|Laboratory of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Health and Sports Science, Fukuoka University
    • Kiyonaga Akira
    • The Fukuoka University Institute for Physical Activity|Laboratory of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Health and Sports Science, Fukuoka University
    • Tanaka Hiroaki
    • The Fukuoka University Institute for Physical Activity|Laboratory of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Health and Sports Science, Fukuoka University
    • Morito Natsumi
    • Fukuoka University Health Care Center|Department of Cardiology, Fukuoka University School of Medicine
    • Higaki Yasuki
    • The Fukuoka University Institute for Physical Activity|Laboratory of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Health and Sports Science, Fukuoka University

Abstract

<b>Background: </b>This cross-sectional study evaluated the association between unhealthy lifestyle behaviors and the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in middle-aged and older men.<BR><b>Methods: </b>The subjects included 445 men without a history of cardiovascular disease, stroke, or dialysis treatment, who were not taking medications. Unhealthy lifestyle behaviors were evaluated using a standardized self-administered questionnaire and were defined as follows: 1) lack of habitual moderate exercise, 2) lack of daily physical activity, 3) slow walking speed, 4) fast eating speed, 5) late-night dinner, 6) bedtime snacking, and 7) skipping breakfast. The participants were divided into four categories, which were classified into quartile distributions based on the number of unhealthy lifestyle behaviors (0–1, 2, 3, and ≥4 unhealthy behaviors).<BR><b>Results: </b>According to a multivariate analysis, the odds ratio (OR) for CKD (defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] <60 mL/min/1.73 m<sup>2</sup> and/or proteinuria) was found to be significantly higher in the ≥4 group than in the 0–1 group (OR 4.67; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.51–14.40). Moreover, subjects’ lack of habitual moderate exercise (OR 3.06; 95% CI, 1.13–8.32) and presence of late-night dinner (OR 2.84; 95% CI, 1.40–5.75) and bedtime snacking behaviors (OR 2.87; 95% CI, 1.27–6.45) were found to be significantly associated with the prevalence of CKD.<BR><b>Conclusions: </b>These results suggest that an accumulation of unhealthy lifestyle behaviors, especially those related to lack of habitual moderate exercise and presence of late-night dinner and bedtime snacking may be associated with the prevalence of CKD.

Journal

  • Journal of Epidemiology

    Journal of Epidemiology 26(7), 378-385, 2016

    Japan Epidemiological Association

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005163170
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • ISSN
    0917-5040
  • Data Source
    J-STAGE 
Page Top