A second hominoid species in the early Late Miocene fauna of Nakali (Kenya)

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Abstract

<p>Nakali is an early Late Miocene fossil locality in north-central Kenya, where the Kenya–Japan Joint Expedition team has carried out fieldwork since 2002. Previously, a large hominoid <i>Nakalipithecus nakayamai</i> was reported from site NA39 of this locality. In addition to <i>Nakalipithecus</i>, the hominoid material collected from Nakali includes an isolated P<sup>3</sup>, which shows a considerably different morphology from the P<sup>3</sup> assigned to <i>Nakalipithecus</i>, suggesting the presence of a different hominoid species. The general morphology of this P<sup>3</sup> is reminiscent of that of primitive hominoids such as <i>Proconsul</i>, which are mainly known from the Early Miocene of East Africa. Although the present material is limited, the presence of a primitive-looking second hominoid species in Nakali indicates a higher hominoid (and hominoid-like catarrhine) diversity in the early Late Miocene of Africa than previously envisaged.</p>

Journal

  • Anthropological Science

    Anthropological Science 124(2), 75-83, 2016

    The Anthropological Society of Nippon

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005169167
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11307827
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • ISSN
    0918-7960
  • NDL Article ID
    027615988
  • NDL Call No.
    Z54-J370
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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