Impact of SLC6A Transporters in Physiological Taurine Transport at the Blood–Retinal Barrier and in the Liver

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Abstract

<p>Cumulative studies showed that taurine (2-aminoethanesulfonic acid) contributes to a variety of physiological events. Transport study suggested the cellular taurine transport in an Na<sup>+</sup>- and Cl<sup>−</sup>-dependent manner, and the several members of SLC6A family have been shown as taurine transporter. At the inner blood–retinal barrier (BRB), taurine transporter (TauT/SLC6A) is involved in the transport of taurine to the retina from the circulating blood. The involvement of TauT is also suggested in γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transport at the inner BRB, and its role is assumed in the elimination of GABA from the retinal interstitial fluid. In the retina, taurine is thought to be a major organic osmolyte, and its influx and efflux through TauT and volume-sensitive organic osmolyte and anion channel (VSOAC) in Müller cells regulate the osmolarity in the retinal microenvironment to maintain a healthy retina. In the liver, hepatocytes take up taurine <i>via</i> GABA transporter 2 (GAT2/SLC6A13, the orthologue of mouse GAT3) expressed at the sinusoidal membrane of periportal hepatocytes, contributing to the metabolism of bile acid. Site-directed mutagenesis study suggests amino acid residues that are crucial in the recognition of substrates by GATs and TauT. The evidence suggests the physiological impact of taurine transporters in tissues.</p>

Journal

  • Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin

    Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 39(12), 1903-1911, 2016

    The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005171493
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA10885497
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • ISSN
    0918-6158
  • NDL Article ID
    027752343
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-V41
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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