Value of 3-Dimensional Speckle Tracking Echocardiography in the Prediction of Microvascular Obstruction and Left Ventricular Remodeling in Patients With ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction

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Abstract

<p><b><i>Background:</i></b>In patients with myocardial infarction (MI), microvascular obstruction (MVO) determined by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) is associated with left ventricular (LV) remodeling and worse prognosis.</p><p><b><i>Methods and Results:</i></b>In 71 patients with ST-segment elevation MI (STEMI) treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) and CMR were performed early after PCI. All patients underwent CMR at 6 months after hospital discharge to assess the occurrence of LV remodeling. The values of 3-dimensional (3D)-circumferential strain (CS), area change ratio (ACR), and 2-dimensional (2D)-CS were significantly different for the transmural extent of infarct, whereas the values of 3D- and 2D- longitudinal strain (LS) were not significantly different. In transmural infarct segments, the values of 3D-CS and ACR were significantly lower in segments with MVO than in those without MVO. At 6-month follow-up, LV remodeling was observed in 22 patients. In multivariable logistic regression models, global 3D-CS and ACR were significant determinants of LV remodeling rather than the number of MVO segments.</p><p><b><i>Conclusions:</i></b>Regional 3D-CS and ACR reflected the transmural extent of infarct and were significantly associated with the presence of MVO. In addition, global 3D-CS and ACR were preferable to the extent of MVO in the prediction of LV remodeling.</p>

Journal

  • Circulation Journal

    Circulation Journal 81(3), 353-360, 2017

    The Japanese Circulation Society

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