Chemical toxicology of reactive species in the atmosphere: two decades of progress in an electron acceptor and an electrophile

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Author(s)

    • Kumagai Yoshito
    • Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba|Doctoral Program in Biomedical Sciences, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba
    • Abiko Yumi
    • Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba|Doctoral Program in Biomedical Sciences, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba
    • Cong Nho Luong
    • Doctoral Program in Biomedical Sciences, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba

Abstract

<p>Air pollutants such as diesel exhaust particles (DEP) are thought to cause pulmonary diseases such as asthma as a result of oxidative stress. While DEP contain a large number of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, we have focused on 9,10-phenanthrenequinone (9,10-PQ) and 1,2-naphthoquinone (1,2-NQ) because of their chemical properties based on their oxidative and chemical modification capabilities. We have found that 9,10-PQ interacts with electron donors such as NADPH (in the presence of enzymes) and dithiols, resulting in generation of excess reactive oxygen species (ROS) through redox cycling. We have also shown that 1,2-NQ is able to modify protein thiols, leading to protein adducts associated with activation of redox signal transduction pathways at lower concentrations and toxicity at higher concentrations. In this review, we briefly introduce our findings from the last two decades.</p>

Journal

  • The Journal of Toxicological Sciences

    The Journal of Toxicological Sciences 41(Special), SP37-SP47, 2016

    The Japanese Society of Toxicology

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005251461
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • ISSN
    0388-1350
  • Data Source
    J-STAGE 
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