入院または施設入所中の長期療養高齢者における日常生活動作の特性について [in Japanese] Characteristics of Activities of Daily Living (ADL) in Older Adults in Long-term Care Facilities Who Required Physical Care [in Japanese]
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[Purpose] This study examined the characteristics of activities of daily living (ADL) according to the difficulty of individual component movements of older adults in long-term care facilities who required physical care. [Subjects and Methods] In total, 111 older adults requiring long-term care in hospitals or nursing home were enrolled in this study. Four activities, namely eating, toileting, transfers, and locomotion, were assessed using a previously developed assessment instrument. The instrument assesses 141 individual component movements, which are subdivisions of the four activities. The difficulty of each component was determined using a three-point scale, and the difficulties among the four activities were compared. In addition, the component movements were categorized hierarchically according to their difficulty levels in order to evaluate their characteristics. [Results] Eating was significantly easier than the other activities. Movements categorized in the “high difficulty” category required antigravity functions and standing balance. [Conclusion] Differences in the difficulties in ADL in older adults in long-term care facilities existed not only among the four activities but also within each activity.
- Rigakuryoho Kagaku
Rigakuryoho Kagaku 31(6), 897-905, 2016
The Society of Physical Therapy Science