東日本大震災に伴う原発事故による県外避難者のストレス反応に及ぼす社会的要因 Social Factors Affecting Psychological Stress of the Evacuees Out of Fukushima Prefecture by the Cause of Nuclear Accident after the Great East Japan Earthquake

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著者

    • 辻内 琢也 Tsujiuchi Takuya
    • 早稲田大学人間科学学術院|早稲田大学災害復興医療人類学研究所 Faculty of Human Sciences, Waseda University|Waseda Institute of Medical Anthropology on Disaster Reconstruction
    • 増田 和高 Masuda Kazutaka
    • 早稲田大学災害復興医療人類学研究所|鹿児島国際大学福祉社会学部 Waseda Institute of Medical Anthropology on Disaster Reconstruction|Faculty of Social Welfare, The International University of Kagoshima
    • 根ヶ山 光一 Negayama Koichi
    • 早稲田大学人間科学学術院|早稲田大学災害復興医療人類学研究所 Faculty of Human Sciences, Waseda University|Waseda Institute of Medical Anthropology on Disaster Reconstruction
    • 小島 隆也 Kojima Takaya
    • 早稲田大学人間科学学術院|早稲田大学災害復興医療人類学研究所 Faculty of Human Sciences, Waseda University|Waseda Institute of Medical Anthropology on Disaster Reconstruction
    • 扇原 淳 Ogihara Atsushi
    • 早稲田大学人間科学学術院|早稲田大学災害復興医療人類学研究所 Faculty of Human Sciences, Waseda University|Waseda Institute of Medical Anthropology on Disaster Reconstruction
    • 熊野 宏昭 Kumano Hiroaki
    • 早稲田大学人間科学学術院|早稲田大学災害復興医療人類学研究所 Faculty of Human Sciences, Waseda University|Waseda Institute of Medical Anthropology on Disaster Reconstruction

抄録

<p>本研究は, 東日本大震災から1年経過した時期および2年経過した時期に, 埼玉県内または東京都において避難生活を送る福島県民の世帯に対して行ったアンケート調査の結果である. 2011年に発生した東日本大震災は, 原子力発電所事故を伴ったことによって, 全国に県外避難者を生み出したことが, これまでの自然災害と決定的に異なる特徴である. 震災から1年後の2012年調査の結果からは, 男性において生活費の心配や失業がストレス反応に影響していることが示され, 女性において住宅の被災状況や人間関係, 原発に対する賠償問題などがストレス反応に影響していることが示された. 一方, 2013年調査の結果からは, 男女ともに苦しい経済状況, 健康状態の悪化, 避難者というスティグマ, 家族関係や近隣関係, 住環境などがストレス反応に影響していることが示され, 年月の経過とともに, ストレスが, 震災の直接的影響よりも避難生活に起因するものになってきていることが明らかとなった.</p>

<p><b>Backgrounds</b> : This study reports the results of a questionnaire survey conducted in the households consisting of inhabitants of Fukushima Prefecture who have evacuated to Saitama Prefecture or Tokyo Metropolis at one and two years after the Great East Japan Earthquake. The Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011 has been expanded to the nuclear power plant disaster. Consequently, approximately 56,920 inhabitants of Fukushima evacuated to other prefectures as of March 2013. This consequence sets the 2011 earthquake apart from previous natural disasters. <b>Method</b> : This survey was conducted by "Earthquake and human sciences project" of Waseda University and Shinsai Shien Network Saitama. Psychological stress of the evacuees (2,011 households in 2012 ; 1,875 households in Saitama and 2,393 households in Tokyo in 2013) were examined one year and two years after the disaster respectively. The questionnaire also contained such items as severity of housing destruction, Tsunami affection, worries about livelihood sustainability etc. In this study, psychological stress was measured using the Stress Response Scale-18 (SRS-18). <b>Results</b> : The results revealed that the stress reaction level of the evacuees from Fukushima Prefecture living in other prefectures is still "somewhat higher" despite two years passed since the disaster. A chi-square test was used to determine psychosocial factors influencing stress reactions. Results of the survey in 2012 revealed that anxiety about living costs or joblessness influenced stress reactions in men, whereas damaged houses, personal relationships, and compensation problems related to the nuclear power plant influenced stress reactions in women. However, according to the results of the 2013 survey, difficult economic conditions, aggravated health conditions, negative labeling as an evacuee, and dissatisfaction with relationships with family and neighbors influenced stress reactions in both men and women. <b>Conclusion</b> : The results revealed that the psychological stress is strongly related to several social factors ; economic conditions, health status, family and community relationships, and dwelling environments. By the comparison between first year result and second year result, the causes of stressors have been changed from the damage of earthquake disaster itself into the circumstances of shelter life over time. Therefore, the work in cooperation among medicine, clinical psychology, social welfare, and legal support is necessary in order to obtain mental health recovery.</p>

収録刊行物

  • 心身医学

    心身医学 56(8), 819-832, 2016

    一般社団法人 日本心身医学会

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    130005254837
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN00121636
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0385-0307
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    027502127
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z19-26
  • データ提供元
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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