Buffering effect of workplace social capital on the association of job insecurity with psychological distress in Japanese employees: a cross-sectional study

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Author(s)

Abstract

<p><b>Objectives: </b>The present study aimed to examine the buffering effect of workplace social capital (WSC) on the association of job insecurity with psychological distress in Japanese employees. <b>Methods: </b>2,971 employees from two factories of a manufacturing company in Japan completed a self-administered questionnaire including the scales on job insecurity, WSC, psychological distress, demographic and occupational characteristics, and quantitative workload. Using psychological distress (defined as a total score of the K6 scale ≥5) as a dependent variable, multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted. In a series of analyses, interaction term of job insecurity×WSC was included in the model. <b>Results: </b>After adjusting for demographic and occupational characteristics as well as for quantitative workload and interaction effect of quantitative workload×WSC, high job insecurity and low WSC were significantly associated with psychological distress. Furthermore, a significant interaction effect of job insecurity×WSC was observed. Specifically, the association of job insecurity with psychological distress was greater among those who perceived lower levels of WSC (prevalence odds ratio=3.79 [95% confidence interval=2.70-5.32] for high vs. low job insecurity subgroup) than among those who perceived higher levels of WSC (prevalence odds ratio=2.96 [95% confidence interval=2.19-4.01] for high vs. low job insecurity subgroup). These findings were replicated among permanent male employees in the gender-stratified analyses. <b>Conclusions: </b>The present study suggests that WSC has a buffering effect on the association of job insecurity with psychological distress at least among Japanese permanent male employees.</p>

Journal

  • Journal of Occupational Health

    Journal of Occupational Health 58(5), 460-469, 2016

    Japan Society for Occupational Health

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005265277
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11090645
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • ISSN
    1341-9145
  • NDL Article ID
    027621259
  • NDL Call No.
    Z54-J76
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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