高校生の献血意識に関する調査  [in Japanese] SURVEY OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENT ATTITUDES TO BLOOD DONATION  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 古牧 宏啓 Furumaki Hiroaki
    • 浜松医科大学医学部附属病院輸血細胞治療部 Transfusion and Cell Therapy, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine
    • 梶原 道子 Kajiwara Michiko
    • 東京医科歯科大学医学部附属病院輸血部 Department of Transfusion Medicine, Medical Hospital, Tokyo Medical and Dental University
    • 岩尾 憲明 Iwao Noriaki
    • 順天堂大学医学部附属静岡病院血液内科 Department of Hematology, Juntendo University Shizuoka Hospital
    • 室井 一男 Muroi Kazuo
    • 自治医科大学附属病院輸血細胞移植部 Division of Cell Transplantation and Transfusion, Jichi Medical University Hospital

Abstract

<p>近年,若年者の献血人口の減少が問題になっている.将来の献血を担う,高校生の献血に対する意識調査を行うことは献血の将来を考えていく上で重要である.アンケート方式による50項目の意識調査を行い,献血に関する高校生への広報や教育の現状と高校生の意識を調査した.調査は連結不可能の疫学調査として行い,35校中30校から協力が得られ,調査対象16,333人のうち15,521人(95.0%)より回答を得た.男性49.3%,女性は49.8%であった.</p><p>献血を経験した高校生は1,198人(7.7%)で,未経験者は88.6%であった.疲労感や睡眠不足,ダイエット等は採血の際に注意すべき生活習慣である.献血可能年齢と体重,献血場所,献血に関わるリスク,血液の海外依存度等の献血に関する知識は不十分であった.献血への関心度は献血経験のある高校生で高く,初回献血の重要性が示唆された.高校への出張献血や献血に関する授業は献血を推進していく上で有用である.しかし献血に関する教育手法と普及活動にはさらに工夫が必要であると思われる.</p>

<p>Blood donor recruitment and retention in the younger generation is an important concern for an aging population in Japan. Successful recruitment of high school student donors will ensure long term supplies of blood. To enhance the effectiveness of this approach it is important to communicate the need for blood donation by high school students and conduct appropriate surveys. Anonymous surveys were designed for high school students, who answered of their own volition. The survey included 50 questions including lifestyle, knowledge of blood donation, efficacy of a campaign to recruit blood donors and previous education on blood donation in their school etc.</p><p>We obtained answers from 95.0% of 16,333 students surveyed. The proportion of male and female students was even. 7.7% of students had at least one experience of blood donation. The students often experienced feelings of fatigue, suffered from sleeplessness and tried dieting in their daily life, these could relate to adverse event. The study clarified that many students lacked sufficient information about blood donation and transfusion. Substantial time and effort must be devoted to educating the student population on the need for blood transfusion, as well as on the safety and risk factors associated with blood donation.</p>

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Transfusion and Cell Therapy

    Japanese Journal of Transfusion and Cell Therapy 62(6), 711-717, 2016

    The Japan Society of Transfusion Medicine and Cell Therapy

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005286874
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1881-3011
  • Data Source
    J-STAGE 
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