Excessive Game Playing Is Associated with Poor Toothbrushing Behavior among Athletic Children: A Cross-Sectional Study in Miyagi, Japan

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Author(s)

    • Tsuchiya Masahiro
    • Department of Nursing, Tohoku Fukushi University|Division of Oral Diagnosis, Tohoku University Graduate School of Dentistry
    • Momma Haruki
    • Department of Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine|Division of Biomedical Engineering for Health and Welfare, Tohoku University Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering
    • Sekiguchi Takuya
    • Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine
    • Kuroki Kaoru
    • Department of Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine|Department of Rehabilitation, Tohoku Fukushi University
    • Kanazawa Kenji
    • Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine
    • Watanabe Makoto
    • Department of Nursing, Tohoku Fukushi University|Department of Social Welfare, Tohoku Fukushi University
    • Hagiwara Yoshihiro
    • Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine
    • Nagatomi Ryoichi
    • Department of Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine|Division of Biomedical Engineering for Health and Welfare, Tohoku University Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering

Abstract

<p>Dental problems among athletes have been cautioned due to negative impacts not only on their oral health but also on athletic performance. Acquirement of appropriate oral health behavior mainly composed of toothbrushing in childhood can be one of the most important strategies for advancing children's athletic possibilities. Although habits of screen viewing, including game playing, and TV viewing have direct impacts on children's health and behavioral development, little is known about the association between these habits and toothbrushing frequency. A cross-sectional survey examining sports activities was conducted using a self-report questionnaire among school-aged athletic children belonging to the Miyagi Amateur Sports Association (n = 6,658). All statistical analyses were performed with SPSS, and P-values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. The association between a lower brushing frequency (< 2 times a day) and screen-viewing behavior was examined using multivariate logistic models after adjusting for sex, age, body mass index (BMI), studying time, and sleep duration. After adjustment for all covariates, longer game playing (> 2 hrs a day), but not TV viewing, significantly correlated with lower brushing frequency (P for trend < 0.001). Importantly, longer game-playing behavior was also associated with unhealthy dental behavior defined as a lower brushing frequency regardless of the awareness of dental caries (P for trend < 0.001). In conclusion, this is the first study indicating a type-specific unfavorable impact of screen viewing on oral health behavior among athletic children. Excessive game playing may adversely affect oral health literacy more strongly than TV viewing.</p>

Journal

  • The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine

    The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine 241(2), 131-138, 2017

    Tohoku University Medical Press

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005332357
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • ISSN
    0040-8727
  • Data Source
    J-STAGE 
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