学術論文の構造型とその分布:――人文科学・社会科学・工学270論文を対象に――  [in Japanese] Types of Discourse Structures in Academic Articles and their Occurrence in Different Disciplines:An Analysis of 270 Articles in Humanities, Social Science and Engineering  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>人文科学,社会科学,工学の3領域9分野14学会誌合計270編の日本語学術論文を対象に,15の構成要素を設定して中間章の構造分析を行った。その結果,《実験/調査型》,《資料分析型》,《理論型》,《複合型》の4つの基本類型とその下位分類としての11の構造型が抽出された。これらの構造型の分野別の分布状況を調べたところ,工学領域では典型的なIMRAD形式を持つ《実験/調査型》が圧倒的であり,一部に《理論型》が存在することが確認された。一方,人文科学・社会科学の領域では,多様な構造型が混在する傾向が見られた。これらの領域では《資料分析型》が共通して認められたが,その出現率には分野によって大きな差があり,一部の分野では《実験/調査型》が優勢であった。論文の構造型は分野によって決まる場合もあるが,むしろ研究主題や研究方法に応じて選定されるものであり,留学生の論文作成・論文読解の支援を行う際にその点に留意する必要がある。</p>

<p>This study conducted a cross-disciplinary analysis of the discourse structure of the middle sections of 270 Japanese academic articles that appeared in 14 journals of 9 disciplines in humanities, social science and engineering,using 15 structural elements. As a result, four basic types, i.e., "experiment/research", "data/literature-analysis", "theory-formation", and "complex", and a total of eleven subtypes were recognized. Articles in engineering were mostly of "experiment/research", i.e., the IMRAD, with some of "theory-formation", while articles in humanities and social science included various types. "Data/material analysis" was common to the disciplines of these two fields, but the frequency of its occurrence was remarkably varied from one discipline to another: articles of "experiment/research" were observed to be the majority in some disciplines. Thus, the discourse structure of an article often conformed to the conventions of the discipline it belonged to, but the need to adapt to the specific theme and the research method allowed for some liberty in forming the structure. Due attention should be paid to this fact in assisting international students to read and write academic articles.</p>

Journal

  • Journal of Japanese Language Teaching

    Journal of Japanese Language Teaching 154(0), 85-99, 2013

    The Society for Teaching Japanese as a Foreign Language

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005394670
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN0018947X
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    journal article
  • ISSN
    0389-4037
  • NDL Article ID
    024715403
  • NDL Call No.
    Z13-445
  • Data Source
    NDL  IR  J-STAGE 
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