認知症者の自己高揚を促す電子日記システムの提案  [in Japanese] System Concept of an Electric Diary for Promoting Self-enhancement of Persons with Dementia  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 井上 剛伸 INOUE Takenobu
    • 国立障害者リハビリテーションセンター研究所 Research Institute, National Rehabilitation Center for Persons with Disabilities
    • 武澤 友広 TAKEZAWA Tomohiro
    • 国立障害者リハビリテーションセンター研究所 Research Institute, National Rehabilitation Center for Persons with Disabilities
    • 石渡 利奈 ISHIWATA Rina
    • 国立障害者リハビリテーションセンター研究所 Research Institute, National Rehabilitation Center for Persons with Disabilities

Abstract

<p>本論文は, 軽度認知症者の自己高揚を促すための電子日記システムのコンセプトの提案について論じたものである. 認知症者では, これまで開発が困難とされてきた, 精神生活を直接支援する福祉機器が必要となる. 本研究では, 心理学的手法を用いた4項目からなる開発指針を設定し, それに基づき, 近時の自己高揚経験 (達成経験・親和経験) を抽出し呈示するという, 電子日記システムのコンセプトを提案した. 呈示内容として達成経験と親和経験が必要であることは, 調査結果から心理学的に裏付けられたものであり, それらの内容を読むことで自己高揚が促されることについても, 認知症者を対象とした実験結果から示唆された.</p>

<p>This paper describes decision processes of the system concept of an electric diary for promoting self-enhancement of persons with mild dementia. These persons need to be supported with their psychological situation, for example; anxiety stemming from their memory loss, depression from their cognitive impairment or other causes. Development of assistive products to directly support the psychological situation has been very difficult. In this project, we propose guidelines for the development of the kind of assistive products that have four features. 1) Psychological intervention model of the products, 2) Psychological confirmation of main functions of the products, 3) Psychological efficacy of the main functions of the products, 4) System concept of the products. The concept of the electric diary system was proposed according to these guidelines. It can select the contents related to the experiences promoting self-enhancement from all of the contents that the user has recorded, and then show them to the user. The investigation with 98 Japanese adults showed that these experiences categorize into achievement experiences and inter-personal experiences. And the experiment with a person with front-temporal dementia suggested the psychological efficacy of this system. This decision process supported the effectiveness of the proposed guidelines for development of the assistive products supporting the psychological situation of persons with mild dementia.</p>

Journal

  • Biomechanisms

    Biomechanisms 20(0), 135-146, 2010

    Society of Biomechanisms

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