養護教諭の職務認知に関する研究  [in Japanese] A Study of School Nurses’ Duty Cognition: Relevance with the School Type and Length of Experience  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本研究では,養護教諭が重要と感じる職務について検討を行うことを目的とした。そのために,職務重要度尺度を作成し,養護教諭346名を対象に調査を実施した。さらに,職務重要度と校種,経験年数群,児童・生徒数,および学校の問題状況との関連を検討した。その結果,職務重要度尺度について「ヘルスリーダーとしての関わり」「児童・生徒個人への関わり」「教職員自身への関わり」「開かれた保健室づくり」の4因子が抽出された。また,「ヘルスリーダーとしての関わり」は,小学校と中学校の養護教諭,あるいは経験30年以上の養護教諭が重要と感じており,一方で児童・生徒数の多さと重要度の低さとの関連が示唆された。「児童・生徒個人への関わり」および「開かれた保健室づくり」は,10年未満の養護教諭が重要と感じていた。「教職員自身への関わり」は,校種,経験年数群,児童・生徒数,および問題状況との関連はみられなかった。

The duties of school nurses considered to be important for themselves was investigated in this study. A scale was prepared regarding duty priority in a preliminary investigation and then a survey was conducted among 346 school nurses. Furthermore, we investigated the relationship of duty priority with type of school, years of experience, number of students and quantity of students’ problems. As a result, four factors were extracted: (1) leadership in health promotion; (2) caring for students; (3) the relationship with colleagues; (4) making an open atmosphere at the nurse’s office. Elementary and junior high school nurses and school nurses with thirty or more years of experience considered ‘leadership in health promotion’ as important. In addition, a relationship between number of students and low priority was suggested. School nurses with less than ten years of experience considered ‘caring for students’ and ‘making open atmosphere at the nurse’s office’ as important. On the other hand, ‘the relationship with colleagues’ showed no significant differences with type of school, years of experience, number of students and quantity of students’ problems.

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Counseling Science

    Japanese Journal of Counseling Science 47(1), 1-10, 2014

    The Japanese Association of Counseling Science

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005420373
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10071578
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0914-8337
  • NDL Article ID
    025882073
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-943
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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