Current Topics in Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson Disease
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There is a long history of surgical treatment for Parkinson disease (PD). After pioneering trials and errors, the current primary surgical treatment for PD is deep brain stimulation (DBS). DBS is a promising treatment option for patients with medically refractory PD. However, there are still many problems and controversies associated with DBS. In this review, we discuss current issues in DBS for PD, including patient selection, clinical outcomes, complications, target selection, long-term outcomes, management of axial symptoms, timing of surgery, surgical procedures, cost-effectiveness, and new technology.
- Neurologia medico-chirurgica
Neurologia medico-chirurgica 56(10), 613-625, 2016
The Japan Neurosurgical Society