農産物直売所の展開による地域農業の持続可能性―群馬県高崎市吉井地区を事例として―  [in Japanese] Sustainable Development of Local Farming through Farm Produce Shops: Case Study of the Yoshii District of Takasaki, Gunma Prefecture  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>1990年代半ばから野菜の輸入が急増し,輸入野菜の農薬問題が顕在化して,安全性を求める消費者の声が高まった.これに対応するように,地産地消型の農産物直売所の開設が活発となった.本稿は,地方都市近郊に開設された農産物直売所が設立された背景や活動状況を追いながら,農産物直売所の地域農業持続に果たす役割について考察した.調査地域では,養蚕が盛んに行われていたが,1980年代末の繭価の下落を契機として養蚕を終了し,野菜栽培に転換した.その結果,畑地面積が増加して地域農業は維持されたものの,後継者の育成は困難を極めている.地域農業の存続のためには,就農を希望している人々に農業技術と販売方法を伝えていくことが重要となっている.</p>

<p>In the mid-1990s, the importation of vegetables to Japan increased rapidly and, in parallel, Japanese consumers began to doubt the safety of vegetables from abroad. In response to those doubts, farmers within the research area established farm produce shops that complied with the demands of local Japanese consumers. Agriculture in the research area at the end of the 1980s was mainly rice farming and sericulture. Because the Japanese government had greatly reduced the price levels of silk by the end of the 1980s, many sericulture farmers converted their production to vegetables. As a result, the amount of farmland under vegetable production increased dramatically and regional agricultural output was maintained. However, farmers who had established farm produce shops became senior citizens. Because the agriculture in this area is small scale, there are only a few farming successors. A regional social system to teach methods for farm production and the management of farm produce shops to new farmers is necessary to maintain agriculture in this area.</p>

Journal

  • E-journal GEO

    E-journal GEO 11(2), 448-459, 2016

    The Association of Japanese Geographers

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