小売業者のリデュースの取組はすすんだのか?  [in Japanese] Are the Voluntary Waste Prevention Programs of Retail Stores Effective?  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>容器包装の削減(リデュース)の取組はどのように評価されているのだろうか。事業者のリデュースの対策について統計分析が包括的に行われてきたことはなかった。そこで本研究は,小売業者が独自に行っている容器包装削減の取組がどれだけ有効であるのか確かめるために,小売業者の容器包装使用量に関してパネルデータ分析を行った。具体的にはコンビニエンスストアとスーパーマーケットの5 年間の事業者別の容器包装使用量データを用いて,減量化対策の効果を検証した。その結果「有償化」だけが有意な減量効果を持つことがわかった。しかしそれ以外の取組は有意な減量効果があるとは認められなかった。</p>

<p>Prevention of packaging waste has been an issue of high-priority in waste management for Japan as well as for other countries. Not only producers and consumers but also retailers play an important role in waste prevention. Until now, no study had comprehensively evaluated retailersʼ actions regarding waste prevention. We examined the effectiveness of retailersʼ voluntary programs using five-year panel data on the quantity of packaging used by convenience stores and supermarkets and the actions they implemented to prevent waste. The revised Packaging Recycling Act of 2006 requires retailers to provide these data to the government from the fiscal year 2008. Our research showed that charging for shopping bags was the only strategy with a statistically significant impact on waste prevention. The effects of other voluntary programs, such as providing reusable bags, offering giveaways, and confirming that customers are using disposable bags, were not perceived as statistically significant.</p>

Journal

  • ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE

    ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 29(4), 191-200, 2016

    SOCIETY OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE, JAPAN

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005434944
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10165252
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    journal article
  • ISSN
    0915-0048
  • NDL Article ID
    027579931
  • NDL Call No.
    Z16-1836
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE  JASI 
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