Perturbation Theory of High-<I>T</I><SUB>c</SUB> Superconductivity in Iron Pnictides
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The high-transition-temperature (high-<I>T</I><SUB>c</SUB>) superconductivity discovered recently in iron pnictides is analyzed within a perturbation theory. Specifically, the probable pairing symmetry, the doping dependence of the transition temperature and the pairing mechanism are studied by solving the Eliashberg equation for multi-band (2- and 5-band) Hubbard models with realistic electronic structures. The effective pairing interaction is expanded perturbatively in the on-site Coulomb integrals up to third order. Our perturbative weak-coupling approach shows that sufficiently large eigenvalues of the Eliashberg equation are obtained to explain the actual high transition temperatures by taking realistic on-site Coulomb integrals in the 5-band model. Thus, unconventional (non-phonon-mediated) superconductivity is highly likely to be realized. The superconducting order parameter does not change its sign on the Fermi surfaces, but it does change between the electron and hole Fermi surfaces. Consequently, the probable pairing symmetry is always “a nodeless extended <I>s</I>-wave symmetry (more specifically, an <I>s</I><SUB>±</SUB>-wave symmetry)” over the whole parameter region that we investigated. It is suggested that the 2-band model is insufficient to explain the high values of <I>T</I><SUB>c</SUB>.
- Journal of the Physical Society of Japan
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan 78(3), 034716-034716, 2009
THE PHYSICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN