睡眠後再認成績による記憶記銘関連脳活動の解析 Neural activity during memory encoding analyzed by post-sleep recognition performance

Access this Article

Author(s)

Abstract

Neural activity during memory encoding of words was investigated by means of the functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Event-related fMRI data was acquired while volunteers saw and memorized visually presented words. Recognition tests for memorized words (old words) visually displayed with new words were carried out after two different study-test delay intervals (0 h and 24 h). Volunteers had a 7 h sleep during 24 h period after encoding. Neural activity elicited by old words was classified according to whether each word was later remembered or not. Differences in neural activity elicited by old words that were later remembered and later forgotten, "subsequent memory effects", were analyzed. This procedure was applied to both study-test delays. Subsequent memory effects associated with two study-test delays were compared. Neural activity during encoding associated with later remembered words for both study-test delays was found in hippocampus and left dorsal inferior frontal gyrus. In several regions, including left ventral inferior frontal gyrus and left superior frontal gyrus, neural activity during encoding was greater for 24 h study-test delay than 0 h study-test delay. These results suggested that the neural activity in the regions exhibiting greater activations in 24 h study-test delay predicts later remembered or forgotten, and that these regions may play an important role in sleep related memory consolidation processes. <b>[J Physiol Sci. 2007;57 Suppl:S164]</b>

Neural activity during memory encoding of words was investigated by means of the functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Event-related fMRI data was acquired while volunteers saw and memorized visually presented words. Recognition tests for memorized words (old words) visually displayed with new words were carried out after two different study-test delay intervals (0 h and 24 h). Volunteers had a 7 h sleep during 24 h period after encoding. Neural activity elicited by old words was classified according to whether each word was later remembered or not. Differences in neural activity elicited by old words that were later remembered and later forgotten, "subsequent memory effects", were analyzed. This procedure was applied to both study-test delays. Subsequent memory effects associated with two study-test delays were compared. Neural activity during encoding associated with later remembered words for both study-test delays was found in hippocampus and left dorsal inferior frontal gyrus. In several regions, including left ventral inferior frontal gyrus and left superior frontal gyrus, neural activity during encoding was greater for 24 h study-test delay than 0 h study-test delay. These results suggested that the neural activity in the regions exhibiting greater activations in 24 h study-test delay predicts later remembered or forgotten, and that these regions may play an important role in sleep related memory consolidation processes. <b>[J Physiol Sci. 2007;57 Suppl:S164]</b>

Journal

  • Proceedings of Annual Meeting of the Physiological Society of Japan

    Proceedings of Annual Meeting of the Physiological Society of Japan 2007(0), 164-164, 2007

    PHYSIOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN

Codes

Page Top