情報モラル行動における知識と行動の不一致に関する心理実験的検討  [in Japanese] Experimental Studies on Knowledge-to-action Gap to Comply with Information Ethics  [in Japanese]

Access this Article

Search this Article

Author(s)

Abstract

<p>情報モラルに関する知識を有していたとしても,その知識を行動として具現化しようとする意図が形成されなければ,実効的な意味で知識を習得したとは言い難い.本研究では,一般的な知識として正しい行動を問う知識課題と自身が実際に選択する行動を問う意図課題を用いて,高校生を対象に知識と行動意図の不一致を定量化した.実験1・2では,意図課題の正答率の方が知識課題の正答率よりも低く,実験参加者が適切な知識を有しているにもかかわらず情報モラルに反する行動をとることが示された.また,実験2では,実験参加者はクラスメイトが情報モラルに反する行動をとる割合を高く推定していることが示された.これらの結果は,知識と行動の不一致を認識させ適切な行動意図の形成を促す情報モラル教育の重要性を示すものである.</p>

<p>If learners cannot form an intention to take an appropriate action with knowledge about information ethics, it cannot be said that the learners have acquired the knowledge in essence. In the present study, the two experiments are conducted to examine if the knowledge-to-action gap can be confirmed by means of paper-and-pencil tests consisting of knowledge and intention tasks for high school students. The knowledge task is to inquire about appropriate behavior regarding the correct knowledge, while the intention task is an inquiry whether the respondents consciously select the action or not. The experiments 1 and 2 indicated that participants take unethical behaviors even though they have appropriate knowledge. In addition, the experiment 2 indicated that the participants guessed the number of classmates with unethical behavior is higher than the actual number. These results demonstrate the importance of education for information ethics, which needs to be carefully designed to bridge the gap between knowledge and action to comply with information ethics.</p>

Journal

  • Japan Journal of Educational Technology

    Japan Journal of Educational Technology 40(3), 153-164, 2016

    Japan Society for Educational Technology

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005466776
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11964147
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1349-8290
  • NDL Article ID
    027866622
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-904
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
Page Top