国際交流学習における教師と連携者間のズレとその調整  [in Japanese] The Conflicts and Resolution Related to an International Collaborative Learning Activity between a Teacher and Outside Collaborators  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

Abstract

<p>本研究では,国際交流学習を実践する教師と交流相手や授業実践を支援する組織,コミュニティなどの連携者の間に生じるズレを明らかにすることを目的とする.日本の私立K小学校とインド・ビハール州のNGOが運営するN学校との国際交流学習を事例とし,その事例における教師と連携者のつながりを文脈横断論の理論的枠組みから捉える.事例に関わる会議メモ・メール・スケジュール調整の経緯,および,教師へのインタビューを定性的に分析した.分析の結果,教師は「大学生との経験の違いによるズレ」と「学校外の活動参加へのズレ」の2つを認識したことがわかった.前者のズレに対して教師は,連携者がK小学校の活動にアクセスできるような手段的横断の環境をつくり連携者の役割を再構築させること,後者のズレに対しては教室と学校外の活動を行き来する状況間移動をするなかで,学校外の活動参加の意味を連携者とともにつくりズレを調整していたことがわかった.</p>

<p>This case study between Elementary School K in Japan and an NGO School N in India is to identify how the teacher in India adjusted to conflicts, encountered when working with collaborators, who were conducting an international, collaborative learning activity outside of the school. The author analyzed the data based on Cross-contextual Learning Theory to describe the discord between the teacher and the collaborators. The research utilized teachers' meetings, e-mail records, memos and interviews minutes for data collection. Based on analysis of the results, the author identified conditions that a teacher recognized as two conflicts, which were "conflict in the difference in the experience with university students" and "conflict with the differences when participating with outside collaborators." These conflicts were resolved when the teacher created an environment of "latent-crossing," so that the collaborators could access Elementary School K's activities. In addition, the roles of the collaborators were redefined to resolve the first conflict. Moreover, the teacher applied "transitions-between-situations" to better understand and resolve the second conflict, the activity participation outside of the school with the collaborators.</p>

Journal

  • Japan Journal of Educational Technology

    Japan Journal of Educational Technology 40(4), 325-336, 2017

    Japan Society for Educational Technology

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005466781
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11964147
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1349-8290
  • NDL Article ID
    027972339
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-904
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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